DAVENPORT PAST AND PRESENT
MANUFACTURES AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCES.
Four pictures are included with this chapter: Davenport's Block, CORNER MAIN AND SECOND STREETS, Merwin's Block, Publishing House of LUSE, LANE & CO., and NICKOLLS BLOCK. To view please go to the Main page of the Scott county site and click on Pictures/Documents.
W. L.CARROLL, in Grigg's Block. - Mr. Carroll has designed some of the finest public and private structures in the city, among which are Iowa College, Engine House, Grigg's Block, Haviland's and H. H. Smith's residences, School Houses in Districts 4 and 7; besides a host of School and Court Houses, Churches, and Private Dwellings in various parts of the Country. His claims to superiority are scarcely questioned in the West.
J. L. COCHRANE.-Among Mr. Cochrane's best efforts are Metropolitan Hall; Lambrite's residence; St. Luke's church, superintended by Squires; and Willard Barrows' residence.
OCTAVE ROBERTS.-Nickolls' Block.
"Philadelphia Bakery," SCHRICKER & MATTHES.-Brady street, between Front and Second streets.
"Union Bakery," J. METZGER.-No. 18 Second street.-Capital, $3,000. Raw Material per year, $6,000. Value manufactures per year, $10,000. Established 1854.
D. MOORE.- 20 Front st.-Capital, $5,000. Raw material per year, $8,000. Established 1842. This was the first one of the sort, of note, established in Davenport. The old house was lately burned, but is being rebuilt.
F. ZAHRRER.-149 Fourth street.-Five hands.
W. PAPE'S "Pacific Bakery.-Harrison street.
There are several amaller Bakeries in town, not enumerated.
JONES, CHAPIN & CO.-Corner Fifth and Fillmore streets.-Employ twenty hands, and turns out from 1000 to 1200 per week.
J. M. D. BURROWS.-On Telegraph Road.-Twenty-eight men turn out about 75,000 flour barrels per year, besides a large amount of pork cooperage.
WILSON, PERRY & CO.-Corner of Bridge Avenue and Front streets.-Run a twelve horse power engine. Employs fifteen to twenty hands at $3 per diem. Capital $5,000. Use in raw material per year $20,000. Value of manufactures per year $35,000. Established 1857.
There are three other Cooper Shops in the city besides the foregoing, and also one patent Wash-Tub and a Chair Factory.
H. A. KENT.-Alley opposite Post Office.-A carriage shop attached by John Murphey.
Some dozen shops in town.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
MOORE & GARRETT.-43 Brady street.-Capital $1,500. Raw material per year $3,500. Product $10,000. Established 1854.
F. H. GRIGGS & CO.-25 Brady street.-Capital $1,500. Value of raw material per year $3,500. Product $10,000. Employ ten hands at the aggregate cost of $3,500 per annum. Mr. Griggs deserves honorable mention for the use he has made of his capital. He has invested it liberally in city improvements, among which are some fine brick buildings, known as "Griggs Block." His investments have all tended to build up and ornament the city, and to contribute materially to its permanent prosperity.
There are many other establishments of this kind in town.
MATTHIAS FRAHM.-Harrison street.-Capital, $30,000. Use yearly 10,000 bushels Barley, and 8,000 pounds Hops. Brew 4,000 barrels Beer, worth $36,000. Established 1851. The first year the establishment brewed 150 barrels Beer, and use only some 350 bushels Barley. It is one of the largest Brewerier in this State.
DR. T. DEEIS.-Main street, above seventh.
THOS. B. CARTER'S Ale and Porter Breeery.-Near East Davenport.
BAKER & CLARK.-Harrison street, between seventh and eight streets.-Capital $3,000. Employ twenty men. Made 130,000 last year, worth $9,200. Use Hall & Adams Press, a decided improvement on the old system. Intend to double their operations this year.
There are three yards in the western part of the town, in rear of J. M. D. Burrows' residence, and employ from fifty to sixty hands.
JNO. ROCKE.-Gaines street.-Made 140,000 last year. Twenty hands.
HARVEY LEONARD commenced making Bricks in Davenport, in June 1837, made about 300,000; in 1838 made about 500,000; in 1839 made about 500,000; in 1840 made about 800,000; in 1841 made about 500,000; in 1842 made about 500,000; in 1843 made about 100,000; in 1844 made about 200,000; in 1845 made about 200,000; in 1846 made about 500,000; in 1847 made about 600,000; in 1848 made about 600,000; in 1849 made about 600,000; in 1850 made about 300,000.-LEONARD & HERBERT in 1851 made about 1,400,000; in 1852 made about 1,500,000; in 1853 made about 1,500,000.-LEONARD in 1854 made about 1,200,000; in 1855 made about 1,200,000.-LEONARD & HERBERT in 1856 made about 1,300,000; in 1857 made about 1,800,000.-Commenced in 1838 laying brick; in 1839, ELDRID & LEONARD BRICK Laying and Plastering. 1840 making, laying, and plastering. During that period burned very nearly all the lime used in the city. The number of hands employed ranges from six to sixty; common laborers wages by the month from twenty to thirty dollars; brick layers wages ranging from two to three dollar per day. The first brick building in the city was built by Leonard, in 1858, on the corner of third and Main streets; the second brick building (the Catholic church) built by Adam, John, and Joseph Noel. During the first six years of the time Mr. Leonard did all the brick work done in the city, among which were the Court House, Jail, LeClaire House, and Macklot and Webb's dwellings. Leonard & Herbert's brick yard is now situated on James McIntosh's land, west of Scott street and north of eight street, within the city limits.
H. DELFS.-Fourteen men. Makes about 90,000 per year.
D. T. YOUNG.-Second street, above Rock Island street.-Capital $6,000. Value of manufactures per year $12,000. Employs fifteen men at $10 to $15 per week.
JOHN A. NIRRAU.-Corner Fourth and Gaines sts.-Value of manufactures per year $4,000.
DAVIS, BRO. & FRASER.-On Perry street above Fourth.-This firm, although lately come to Davenport, have established a wide reputation for excellence in their craft; particularly in the difficult department of stair-building, in which they have no rivals. All are parctical and excellent draughtsmen, and possess in connection with their practical skill, in wood-work a through scientific knowledge of architecture. One of the best specimens of their work may be seen in a counter at the Banking House of Messrs. Hill, Allen & Co., which is by far the best specimen of fine workmanship in the West.
JAMES CRAWFORD.-Corner Iowa and Second street.
E. T. & E. L. JOHNSON.-Second street, between Rock Island and Perry.
ORNDORF BROTHERS.-Carpenters and Builders, on Main street between Fifth and Sixth.
JACOB KENTON.-On Main street, in rear of Judge Grant's Block.
J. RUMBOLD, JR.-On alley rear of Congregational church.
I. N. FIELD & SANDERS.-On Perry street, between Second and Third sts.- This firm have done some very fine Jobs, one of which is the counter in Jacoby's Drug Store.
COATES & PATCHEN.-Alley between Fifth and Sixth, and between Brady and Perry streets.
JOHN HAWLEY.-Corner Main and Park streets.
W.S. COLLINS.-Opposite Trinity Church, Rock Island street.
F. H. MCCLELLAND.-Corner Rock Island and Second streets.
JOHN HORNBY.-On Bluffs, Sixth street, between Main and Brady streets.
G. W. HALL.-Third street, between Ripley and Scott streets.
P. X. FITZPATRICK.-Near Jail, on Fifth street.
H. & J. GUNDAKER.-On Iowa street, between Second and Third streets.
N. SQUIRES.-Oldest Builder in Davenport, and Superintendent of St. Luke's Church.
NOEL & MARGET.-Corner Harrison and Front streets.
J. B. DAVIS.-Sixth street, between Rock Island and Perry streets.
L. R. ALLEN.-Boards at "Pennsylvania House."
CARRIAGE AND WAGON MAKING.
ANDREWS & BURR.-Fourth street, between Brady and Perry.-large first class eastern establishment, with heavy branch establishment on Second street, between Rock Island and Iowa streets.
G. HAGER & Co.-Third street near Harrison.-Capital $7,000. Employ twelve hands at $1.50 per diem. Raw material per year $1,000. Value of product $10,000.
SADDLER & HORSEMAN.-Corner Gaines and Front streets.
A. & G. WOEBER.-Corner Harrison and Third streets.-Among the best, if not the best, workmen in the West in every department of their trade. Their work will bear comparison with the finest ever truned out from eastern workshops. Capital $8,000. Eighteen hands, at $1.50 per day. Produced last year $40,000. Established 1854.
KRUSE & ECKHARDT.-Corner Second and Gaines streets.
GOOS & LEISNER.-Gaines street, north of Third.
SCHMIDT & RODLER.-Second street, near Scott.
RHODE & FINKE.-Harrison street, below Second.
C. STELTING.-Scott street, near Second.
H. HAAK & Co.- Second street between Harrison and Ripley.
NICHOLAS KUHEN.-34 Second street, and also one corner Main and Second streets.-manufactures $12,000 worth per year.
JEFREY & CARMICHAEL.-42 Second street - Manufacture yearly 1,200,000 Cigars, at $25 per thousand. Brand 50,000 papers Smoking Tobacco, and brand 5,000 cases Chewing Tobacco a year.
KASTEN.-Main street, between Front and Second.
There are many other shops in town, of whom spance will not allow us to particularize.
DR. C. PIERRUCCI.-60 Brady street.
E. BAILY.-86 Brady street.
ADAMS-Photographist, Ambrotypist, and Daguerrean, on Brady street near Third.-This is one of the best establishments west of Buffalo. Mr. Adams Photographed the Portraits for this work. They speak for themselves.
TAYLOR'S GALLERY.-Davenport's Block.
W. A. NESBIT.-Corner of Brady and Second streets.-Sphereotypist and Daguerrean.
SCHULER'S DAGUERREAN ROOMS.-On Main street, next to Nickolls' Block.
CHAS. GOODRICH, Dental Surgeon.-On Brady st., two doors below Third.-Dr. Goodrich has taken high rank in his profession as a careful and skilful operator. He has undergone the test of many years experience, and has in all cases, thus far, proved himself superior in all matters relating to operative Dentistry.
JAMES MORROW.-On Fourth st., near Main.-Dr. Morrow is of an inventive mind, artistic in his taste, and prepared to execute everything in a superior manner.
JULIUS CHESEBROUGH.-In Merwin's Block.
R. D. MYERS.-On Second street near Perry street.
C. H. BARTLETT.-Corner Brady and Fourth streets.
DRUGS AND MEDICINES.
FRANCIS JACOBY.-Corner Perry and Fourth streets.-Mr. Jacoby has one of the finest Drug Stores in town, and the elegant external and internal character of his establishment, together with a skilful Prescriptionist, indicates fully the fact, that his arrangements are all of a superior order.
TAYLOR & BALLORD.-LeClaire Block.
W. W. MCCAMMON & Co., "Union Drug Store."-On Brady street, between Second and Third.-This is a first class establishment, and is under the superintendence of R. Reger, whose ripe skill in putting up prescriptions is the result of long and close experience.
STEPHENSON & CARNAHAN.-LeClaire Block.
ALLISON & MCBRIDE.-On Second street, next to Cook & Sargent's Bank.
DITZEN & CO.-97 Second street.
J. M. D. BURROWS, "Albion Mills."-Corner Front and Perry sts.-Engine 140 horse power. Established in 1847, and commenced January 1848, with a capacity of manufacturing 1200 barrels per week. In 1855 it was remodied and rebuilt, with a capacity of turning out 2500 barrels per week. Manufactured the past year 80,000 barrels flour, at an average value of $4.50 per barrel. Hiram Johnson, head miller.
D. A. BURROWS.-On River, foot of Mound st.-Engine sixty horse power. Capital $65,000. Raw material per year $300.000. Employ twenty-eight hands at $1.50 per day.
GILLET, GREEN & Co.-Front street below Ripley.-Capital $16,000. Grind per year 50,000 bushels. Established 1854. Two engines, sixty horse power.
GRAHAM & KEPNER.-On River, foot of Mound street.-Engine fifty horse power. Ten hands. Cost of wheat, coal, barrels, hands, &c., per year $99, 300. Turn out 30,000 barrels flour per year, $120,000. Value of bran, shorts, &c., $13,000.
"HAWKEYE MILLS," by Jacob Weaver.-Corner Perry and Third streets.-Engine twenty horse power. Capital $6,000. Turn out 200 barrels a week.
JOHN COLLINS.-Front street, east of Perry.-Engine ten horse power. Capital $9,000. Raw material per year $20,000. Value of manufactures per year $40,000. Eighteen hands, at $1.50 to $2.50 per day.
KNOSTMAN, TIMKE & Co.-Corner Housel and Second streets.-Engine six horse power. Capital $3,000. Raw material per year $6,000. Employ seven hands at $1 to $1.50 per day. Building, three rooms, and contemplate enlarging soon. All of the firm are practical mechanics.
WM. CAMPBELL, Cabinet and Jobbing Shop.-In alley opposite Post Office.
J. B. RICHES, Prospect Turning Shop.-Gaines street, corner of Seventh.-Engine six horse power.
P. P. SUMONS.-On River, near foot of Bridge Avenue.-Manfactures "Excelsior Mattress Material." Engine ten horse power.
JOHN WIERUM, Turning Shop.-Gaines street, between Third and Fourth.-Engine fifteen horse power.
J. K. MILLS & Co.-Corner Farnam and Third streets.-Employ forty men. Wages per year $22,000, at $1.75 per day, per hand. Capital $40,000. Value of furniture per year, $16,000. Planing, $7,700. Sash, blinds, and doors, $11,000. Job work, $2,800. Total value of manufactures, per year, $37,000. Engine twenty-five horse power. Their Agencies at Iowa City and Rock Island, sell also a large amount flooring, siding, and other lumber. Machinery, one engine lathe, three turning lathes, one scroll saw, moulding machines, three plowers, sticking machine, split saw, six circular saws, two tenanting saws; two morticing, two boring, and one dovetailing machine; screw cutter and turning machine.
MCNEIL & Bro.-Corner Second and Perry streets.
JULIUS KOCH.-Harrison street.
M. H. HEIDENHEIMER.-11 Main street.
HATS AND CAPS.
A. B. ALSTON.-Davenport Block, Second street.
C. W. VERDER.-Second street, near Brady.
IRON WORKS AND MACHINERY.
"Davenort Steam Gas and Lead Pipe Works, and Brass Foundry," by P. MERWIN.-81 and 83 Perry street.-Gas and Steam Fitting, Plumbing, &c., in all its various branches; Brass Goods of every description manufactured to order. Also, on hand and ready to be just put up at short notice, Chandaliers, Pendants, Shower Baths, Wash Basins, Brackets, Glass Globes, Bath Tubs, Water Tanks, &c. The attention of Machinists, Engine, and Boiler Builders, is invited to the large assortment of Brass and Iron Fitting constantly on hand, such as Safety Valves, Steam Guages, Water Guages, Guage Cocks, Globe Valves, Oil Valves, Heaters, Boiler Pumps, Oil Cups, Regulator Valves, Check Valves, Whistles, &c. Wrought Iron Pipe and Fittings supplied to the trade on reasonable terms.-Mr. Merwin deserves honorable notice for the enterprise he has exhibited. He is but a young man, has invested in a fine brick building, and furnished it as noticed above. This establishment is the only one of the kind in the State, and is in all respects of a high character.
F. B. ABBOTT, Machine Shop, and manufacturer of Carter's Patent Oscillating Engine Pumps.-LeClaire street, near Third.-Double engine, six horse power. Capital $15,000. Mostly a Repairing and Jobbing Shop.
"Excelsior Agricultural Works, and Machine Shop." JOHN HERMAN.-Gaines street, between Third and Fourth sts.-Capital $1,000. Manufactures Agricultural Implements principally. Mowing and Reaping Machines, Straw and Stalk Cutters, Corn Shellers, &c.
DAVIS, WATSON & Co., "Washington Machine Works."-Corner Third street, near Railroad Bridge.-Capital $25,000. Raw material used per year, $16,000. Manufactures $40,000. Employ twenty hands, at $2 per day. Engine twenty-four horse power. Pitts' Patent Thrashing Machine, turn out two to three per week.
JOHN ANNABLE & SON, Screw Bolt Manufactory.-LeClaire st., near Third.-Make from 2000 to 3000 Bolts per day, besides Jobbing. Business for last year $2,000. Not much capital required in the business.
JEMME, DONNELLY & LEA, "Davenport Iron Works."-Rock Island street, near Second.-Engine twenty horse power. Do a large business in heavy machinery and house building castings. Capital $18,000. Raw material per year $15,000. Value of manufacturies, per year. $100,000. Employ fifty-five hands. Established 1856. Attached to the establishment are a Blacksmith Shop, Brass Foundry, and Pattern Shop. One of the heaviest establishments of the kind in the State.
S. MILLER, Machine, Jobbing, and Repairing Shop.-Gaines st., near Second.
TOWNSEND, SMITH & Co.-Fourth street, opposite Catholic Cemetery.-Engine eight horse power. Make Oscillating Engines, &c.
"Mississippi & Missouri Railroad Locomotive Works and Car Factory."-At Railroad Depot.-Engine sixty horse power. A. Kimball, Foreman of Machine Works; M. Wright, Foreman of Smithry; and S. W. Remer, Foreman of Car Works. Capital $54,000. Raw material, per year, $10,000. Established 1856.
"LeClaire Machine Works," corner Front and Scott streets.-This is the oldest Foundry in town; was built by LeClaire & Davenport in 1851, and owned by them until 1856, when it was bought by Mr. Donahue, its present proprietor. The Machine Shop is leased by Townsend, Hays & Co., while the Foundry is carried on by Mr. Donahue. Capital $50,000. Forty hands at $30,000 per annum. Manufactures per year $150,000. Raw material per year $30,000. Engine thirty horse power.
W. SKINNER & Co., "Davenport Plow Factory."-Corner Rock Island and Third streets.-Engine twenty horse power. This establishment was started in 1846 by John Bechtel, better known as "Honest John." It is now the largest establishment in the State, and has established a wide reputation for the superiority of its workmanship, and the excellence of many improvements introduced by the inventive genius of Mr. Skinner. He has made many remarkable and decided improvements in his line of business. Capital $25,000. Raw material, per annum, $20,000. Value of manufactures, per year, $45,000. Thirty hands, at $2 per day. Made last year, 3,500 Plows, 200 Cultivators, 200 double and single Shovel Plows, Harrows Horse-rakes, &c.
J. WHITSON & Co., "Massillion Machine Works."-Front st., near Farnam. Engine 20 horse power. Makers of Massillon Threshing Machines, &c.
LIVERY AND SALE BUSINESS
PARKER & SPEARING.-13 Second street, opposite LeClaire Row.-Forty horses, with proportionate number of vehicles. Run two Omnibusses and one four horse Hack to DeWitt to connect C. I. & N. R. R. This is by far the largest Livery establishment in the city, and possesses accommodations in its line of the very first character. They have some of the finest carriages, sleighs, and the most elegant turnouts in the West. It is a pleasure to notice the fact, that their efforts to obtain excellence in their department are fully apprciated by the public, as is evinced in the amount of business done by them.
HIGH & Co.-Harrison street, next to Scott House.-Twenty-five horses and other accommodations to match. The Messrs. High & Co. have heretofore deservedly reaped a large amount of public patronage, from the fact, that they never fail in their efforts to give satisfaction. Their "rigs" are unexceptionable, and their drivers the ne plus ultra of the Jehu-ic stamp. For a tramp or a hunting tour across the glorious prairie-contry back of our city, there is no better companion, bon vivant, or careful driver, than either of the gentlemen of the firm, as the author's experience can testify.
H. SMITH.-Alley opposite Post Office.-Twenty horses.
THOMSON & HILL.-55 Second street.-Fifteen horses, three carriages, six buggies, and two riding horses.
J. J. SOMERS & Co.-Main street, between Third and Fourth.-Six horses, two open and two top buggies, and one carriage.
J. H. CAMP & Co.-Harrison street, between Second and Third.-Fourteen horses, and eight carriages.
There is also a Livery and Sale stable in the Alley in rear of LeClaire House, besides one other stable in town.
This business is perhaps one of the best paying in the West. Prices range from three to five dollars per day, for single horse and carriage, without drivers; and six to ten dollars with driver. Double teams are from five to ten dollars per day, with or without driver
S. T. ALLEN, Saw Mill with Lath Machine.-Corner Warren and Front sts.-Engine forty horse power. Lately burned down.
BURNELL, GILLET & Co., Saw Mill, Sash Door, and Blind Factory, with Lath and Shingle Machine attached.-Corner Scott and Front streets.-Two engines, one-hundred horse power. Capital $125,000. Manufacture yearly 6,000,000 feet Lumber, 3,000,000 Lath, 4,000,000 Shingles, at a total value of $160,000. Doors, Sash, and Blinds, per year, $15,000. Employ ninety hands, at an average of $1.65 per day. Established 1850. Machinery, two upright and two rotary saws; can saw 50,000 feet per day, of twelve hours.
CANNON & FRENCH, Saw and Plaining Mill, Sash, Door, and Blind Factory.-On River near Myrtle street.-Engine eighty horse power. Capital $75,000. Employ eighty hands, three Salesmen, and one Bookkeeper. Real Estate $50,000. Cost of logs for past year (4,014,770 feet,) $43,635. Labor for year, $18,000. Value of product from April 4th, 1857, to December 19th, 1857, $91,045. Sales for past year $112,202.88. Manufactured from April 4th, '57, to December 19th, 1857, 1,721,100 Lath; sawed Shingles, 1,019,500; shaved Shingles, 695,000; Pickets sawed, 25,400. Machinery, one Muley, one Rotary, one Lathing, and one Slab Saw; Shingle Machine; Norcross' Patent Planing Mill, for dressing Flooring; one Siding Saw, and Farwis' Patent Planing Mill for two inch lumber.
COTES & DAVIES, Lumber Dealers and manufacturers of Sash, Doors, Blinds, and dressed Lumber.-Corner Harrison and Fourth streets.-Established 1851. Capital $75,000. Thirty hands, at $1.50 per day. Value of product for 1857, $61,715.28. Sale of lumber, same year, $112,286.25. Engine twenty-five horse power.
N. KENDALL & Co., Saw Mill and Lath Machine.-Corner Front and Warren streets.-Engine thirty horse power. Capital $50,000. Raw material used per year, $40,000. Value of manufactures $70,000. Labor $11,000. Thirty-five hands.
RENWICK & SON, SAW MILL, with Lath, Shingle, and Stave Machines attached.-On River above Railroad Bridge.-Engine forty horse power. Capital $50,000. Raw material, per year, $25,000. Thirty hands, at $1.25 per day. Manufacture per year 3,000,000 feet Lumber, 2,000,000 Lath, 2,000,000 Shingles, 1,000,000 barrel staves, 1,000,000 barrel heads. machinery, nine Saws, one Heading Machine, one Jointing Machine, on Stave Machine, one Shingle Machine. Established 1854. Use no fuel but saw dust. Value of product per year $60,000.
SAMUEL STANCHFIELD, Saw and Plaining Mill, lath and Shingle Factory.-Main street, East Davenport.-Capital $20,000. Sawed last year 2,500,000 feet, valued $20,000. Has a Planing Mill attached.
S. FULLER'S Lumber Yard.-Corner Iowa and Fourth sts.-Capital $10,000. Aggregate sales of sawed Lumber, per year, $25,000. Established 1856.
JOHN DAVIS.-Perry street, north of Second.
B. WATHAN.-Main street, near Second.
W. H. GUTHRIE.-Main street, between Front and Second.-Makes Mantles, Cemetry wrok, such as Monuments, Grave Stones, Cenotaphes, Spires, Tablets, &c., in the best style of the art. Mr. Guthrie's work has deservedly given him a wide reputation throughout the West. Employs six men.
MILLINERY AND DRESS MAKING.
MRS. JONES.-Corner Second and Brady.
WELLAN & BAKER.-Corner Brady and Second, over Crampton's Store.
MR. TYLER.-No. 6, Forrest Block.
A. A. CRAMPTON.-Corner Brady and Second streets.
E. A. MOORE.-No. 19 Second Street.
MRS. R. RENWICK.-No. 90 Brady street.
H. S. FINLEY.-On Second street, west end of the city.-Mr. Finley commenced this business in 1839, and after Herculean efforts has succeeded in establishing one of the finest and largest nurseries in the West.
JOHN ZIMMERMAN.-Sixth street, between Iowa and LeClaire streets.-First class establishment, and only one in city. Just completed a splendid instrument for A. LeClaire, at a cost of $1,000.
PRINTERS AND PUBLISHERS.
LUSE, LANE & Co.-No. 55 Perry street.-The only Book Publishing House in the State. Capital $30,000. Business for last year, $28,000. Employ 20 to 25 hands; viz.: in Bindery twelve, Composing Room five, Press Room three, Store three. The size of this establishment, and its enterprise in having pioneered book-publishing in Iowa, deserves a particular notice. They own and occupy a building, three stories, twenty feet front by ninety-six deep. Their Press Room is furnished with a Chronometer Engine of two horse power, one Medium Hoe Press, one Adams Press, one Adams Card Press, and two Hand Presses. The Composing Room contains 412 founts of Type, 260 of which are placed in a Revolving Rack, a most ingenious and room-saving invention by Mr. CHESTER BARNEY, the Foreman of the Printing Office. The Bindery has two Standing Presses, (made by S. O. Shorey, of Davenport,) two Hikock's Ruling Machines, one Paging Machine, seven Hand Presses, and one Stabbing Machine.-They have published during the past year the Debates of the Constitutional Convention, in two large sized oct. volumes of 600 pages each, and also the Iowa Form Book; besides a multitude of Blank Books for nearly every County in the State, and for many of adjacent States. They have ample facilities for doing every kind of work as well and cheap as it can be done East. A large Store Room is on the lower floor, amply supplied with Stationery, Law Blanks, and in short everything pertaining to the business. Established 1854.
SANDERS & BRO., Gazette Office. See article on "Press."
JOHN JOHNS, JR., & Co., News Office. See article on "Press."
RICHARDSON & WEST, Democrat Office. See article on "Press."
LISCHER & Co., Der Demokrat. See article on "Press."
E. S. MOORE.-Third street near Ripley.
RUFUS WRIGHT.-Post Office Building, up stairs.-Mr. Wright has done much to confer honor upon himself apart from excellence in his Sign Painting. He is a fine artist, and has executed some Portraits and Landscapes of high excellence. Among his best works are a magnificent view of Davenport, (now being lithographed,) the "Banished Lord," "Rest at Eve," and the "Lost Children." Mr. Wright is still a young man, and possesses a most promising future.
A. D. JEWELL, House, Sign, and Ornamental Painter.-Third street, one door east of Brady.
C. D. GLIME.-Third street, near Brady.
COOK & HOPKINS.-Main street, back of LeClaire House.
WILLARD, dealer in Sash, Doors and Blinds, and Sign and House Painter.-Corner Second and Harrison streets.
SOAP AND CANDLES.
E. ARNDT & RUEME.-Foot of Ainsworth street.
H. RUGGS.-On Second, near Ainsworth street.-$8,000 per annum.
THOMAS WINKLESS.-On River, foot of Bridge Avenue.
JOHN C. MATTHES.-On River, below City Cemetry.-$25,000 per annum. Employs five men.
JOHN F. MILLER.-Second street, near Gaines.-Manufactures 300 bottles per day.
TAILORING AND CLOTHING.
R. H. PARKS & Co.-Metropolitan Block.
J. S. DRAKE & Co., dealers in Clothing and Gents' Furnishing Goods.-22 West Second street.
T. S. GILBERT, Draper and Tailor.-5 Franklin Block.
R. KRAUSE & Co.-McManus' Block, Second street.-Employs six men.
N. HUSEN.-119 Second street.
F. SCHNABEL.-Harrison street.
P. L. CONE.-Employs nine men.
LATIMER.-Corner Brady and Third streets.
MRS. STODDART.-32 Perry street.
H. WINCH.-On Rockingham Road.-$10,000 per year. Only one in town.
SMITH & REMINGTON.-39 Second street.-Capital $3,000. Raw Material per year $10,000. This firm has done an increasing business for the year past, nearly doubling, notwithstanding the hardness of the times.
GRAHAM & EARLY.-22 Front street.-Manufacture $5,000 worth per annum.
BRUNNER & CASSEL.-67 Harrison street.-manufacturers of Smoke Stacks, Mill and Engine Machinery, and general Tin Jobbery.
WICKERSHAM & WILLIAMS.-4 Burrows' Block.-Capital $5,000. Product per year $12,000.
I. HALL.-Brady street, near Third.-Only one in town, and eminently fitted for the position.
JOHN BETTS.-Second street, between Rock Island and Third.
L. WAEPFNER.-Second street.
J. LEDERMEIER.-Third street.
ANTOINE ITEN.-Corner Front and Brown streets.-1000 barrels per annum.
WATCHES AND JEWELRY.
A. C. BILLON & Co.- 8 LeClaire Row.
W. R. LINDSEY.-Brady street.-Engraver, Repairer, &c.
J. GREVSMUEHL.-Second street, near Harrison.
WALLACE & INGALLS, dealers in Musical Instruments, Watches, &c.-24 Second street.
WM. EFFEY.-Second street, near Ripley.
H. LANGMACK.-Second street, between Main and Harrison.
R. & J. NELSON.-60 Brady street.
Appropriate to the present article is the Report of the Board of Trade, made at the close of 1857, which sums up the various matters of business, expressed in detail by the foregoing.
REPORT OF THE DAVENPORT BOARD OF TRADE, FOR 1857
The footings in some of the principal branches of trade for the year ending December 31st, 1857, show an aggregate for the business in the same of $14,435,812.24. Of this amount $8,539,744.28 has been Banking and Exchange; $2,628,602.57 sales of Merchandise; $1,158,000.00 sales of Grain and Provisions: $353,000.00 sales of Consignments and Forwarding; $751,030.00 Manufacturing not estimated in sales; $450,029.00 Freight and Cartage; $555,406.39 Lumber, Doors, Sash, &c.
The Banking department shows an aggregate of $6,616,737.34 for Exchange, and $1,923,006.94 for Discounts.
The sales of Merchandise, together with the stock on hand, show as follows:
Agicultural Implements,..........................................$ 25,000.00 $ 12,000.00
Boots and Shoes...................................................... 72,000.00 34,000.00
Books, Wall Paper, etc........................................... 34,000.00 12,000.00
Bakery, Confectionery, etc.................................... 8,000.00 3,000.00
Clothing,................................................................. 164,700.00 61,000.00
Dry Goods,............................................................ 600,902.57 164,500.00
Furniture, Matresses, Carpeting............................ 89,000.00 44,300.00
Groceries,............................................................... 771,800.00 163,000.00
Hardware, Iron, and Nails,..................................... 264,500.00 120,500.00
Hats, Caps, and Fur,.............................................. 34,000.00 14,000.00
Jewelry, Watches, etc............................................ 27,000.00 18,500.00
Leather and Saddlery Hardware,............................ 87,000.00 24,200.00
Milinery,................................................................ 42,000.00 12,700.00
Drugs, Paints, Oils, etc.......................................... 70,000.00 35,300.00
Queensware,.......................................................... 25,000.00 18,000.00
Stoves, House Furnishing, etc.............................. 125,000.00 44,000.00
Assorted Merchandise,......................................... 116,200.00 16,700.00
Tobacco and Cigars,.............................................. 59,000.00 14,000.00
Wines and Liquors,............................................... 113,500.00 7,000.00
Total Stock on Hand,............................................................... $818,700.00
Owing to the monetary difficulties, which came down upon us so suddenly in October, there has been a falling off in all branches of trade. In no department have the figures been so affected as in the Banking. During sixty of the last ninety days, Exchange has not been procurable at any price, or under any circumstances, except in very small sums. Notwithstanding this, our local business has suffered far less diminution than was at first apprehended.
With an encouraging activity in their affairs and operations, our merchants have slowly, but steadily, met their Liabilities at home and abroad, with a manifestation of promptness that, under the circumstances, has received the hearty approbation of their correspondents, and preserved intact the high standing they have previously maintained.
Careful inquiries have developed the fact beyond dispute that, during the last few months, we have had important accessions to our trade, from various sections of the country hitherto tributary to other points. It is presuming very little to say, that the acquaintances thus formed, cannot but result mutually advantageous. Whether the first introduction was the result of purely superior inducements in stock and prices, which our merchants are ever ready to offer, or more directly the effect of the locval currency, that has been so exclusively the agent of our transactions, is not left for decision here, and indeed it is no matter, having gained so much of a point, it only remains to retain it.
The high price of exchange has operated more manifestly upon the stocks of grocers, in the articles of coffee, sugar, and molasses, and has maintained the price of these articles, at quotations much above the ordinary margin between this and Eastern and Southern markets. The indications being favorable for a speedy equalization of funds, we may reasonably hope for an improvement in these articles, and a corresponding increase of sales of the same.
The estimates of Grain and Provisions exhibit as follows:
Of the wheat received druing the comprised period, there was manufactured into flour eight hundred and seveny-nine thousand bushels.
The number of Hogs packed at this point was thirteen thousand.
The estimated value for the same, after allowing for the wheat, etc., manufactured, is $1,158,000.
The Commission and Forwarding Business, with an aggregate of $353,000, shows an advance of freight and charges of $150,000.
The following list of different branches of manufacture shows for
In no year have the crops of the coutnry been more abundant than the present, yet owing to the great falling off in price, as compared with the former years, the receipts have fallen far short of the amount due. During the early months of the year, prices ranged at a point that offered great inducements to the producer, and large quantitles of seed were planted.
The exuberant crop, with a falling off in demand, followed by the finacial troubles, created such a sudden and heavy diminution of price, as to induce growers of grains to sell no more than they were compelled to do.
The opening year, however, offering no assurance of an improvement, there has been an increased disposition to sell, and consequently a marked improvement in receipts.
There are few points in the West where the manufacture of flour is more largely engaged in.
The value of this department alone approximated one million dollars, while the brands of the different mills enjoy an enviable reputation in foreign markets.
The crop of barley promised a great abundance, but the result of heavy rains at the period of early harvest was a bitter disappointment and loss to the farmers, and a greatly deteriorated quality of grain. Much of the gathering has been grown or dampened, so that the prices have ranged from the low quotation of twenty cents per bushel to fifty cents per bushel.
In common with other sections of the country, there has been an extensive disease among Neoshannock potatoes. Pinkeyes appearing the most healthy, have been most sought after. Large quantitles have been exported, but stimulated by the excessive prices of last spring, the crop was heavy. There are many held in the country, in the hopes of advanced prices upon the resumption of navigation in the spring.
An important and distinctive feature in our list of productions, is the culture of onions. The annual crop is largely in excess of any other point in the West, and indeed enters creditably into competition with the great district of Wethersfield, so long famous for onions. In no soil is the crop grown more easily, profitabley, or satisfactorily. The average price for the year has been fifty cents per bushel, with a total receipt of twenty-five thousand bushels. The shipments have been liberal with a fair stock on hand.
The Hog crop at this point has never assumed the importance that has characterized the same at other places of some less size. Operations have been confined to a few dealers, so that competition has never been sufficient to raise prices, or invite a supply exceeding the demand. There is no State better adapted for the raising of stock and culture of the necessary food than our own. Fertile, well watered, with almost limitless extent of natural passtures, and a soil responding generously to the rudest advances of cultivation, but a few years will elapse before we will assume tha importance in this particular we are eminently qualified to maintain; It is but little to anticipate that the superiority of our position and advantages will largely identify us with such a result and make this city an extensive depot of provisions.
The Commission and Forwarding Business, which this year shows an aggregate of over one-third of a million, is rapidly increasing in importance. As the Mississippi and Missouri Railroad is extended, so will our products increase, and the same, whether seeking an Eastern or Southern market, must, on transhipment here, give employment to a large amount of labor and means.
The solid growth and importance of a city is admitted by all political economists to be based upon the manufacturing interest contained therein-and while we are deficient in none of the elements necessary for the growth and success of a great mart, it is mostly upon our unequalled facilities for manufactures that our anticipations of the future are based.
Favored as we are by nature in our location, with every advantage for the convenient association of the different agencies required in the transformation of raw material into the necessaries of society, it requires only the most casual observation to discern our future importance; scarcely one stranger passes without being impressed with this great fact, while to those who give mere attention to the subject, favorable results geometrically increase.
Already we have attained importance; already we have arrested and given employment to capital seeking profitable investments. The success that has attended efforts already begun, connected with the facility of furnishing the raw material-be it Lead from our own borders, Copper from Superior, Iron from Missouri, Lumber from Wisconsin or Michigan, Hard Wood from Indiana, Cotton from Souhern States, all of which can be brought to our door without reshipment, added to Coal for fuel from meadows and fields whereon we raise abundant supplies of food for the thousands whose labor is transforming the crude materials we gather-cannot fail to favorably attract the attention of the capitalist and citizen, and incude to a citizenship among us, a portion of the best talent and energy of the country. Already are we conceded the superiority of manufacturing facilities, and already is a wide area of territory dependent upon us for those supplies we can more economically produce than import. Every mile of Railroad that is completed to the West, as well as every acre of raw prairie that is broken for cultivation, increases our manufacturing importance; in no age has the march of emigration been more rapid and continual, and in no case has a larger percentage of population accumulated than in our own State; legitimate causes produce legitimate results. No city has had a more rapid, vigorous, and continued improvement than our own, and no improvement has been founded upon a more permanent basis, viz:-manufacures.
There is scarcely a branch of this class of industry that might not be entered into successfully. Mills, machine shops, etc., are already established, yet there can be duplicated and the supply not exceed the demand. Cotton and woolen mills, paper manufacturers, foundries, shops for agricultural implements, and all the various kinds of handicraft will meet a welcome and a support upon the occasion of their advent.
Here the expense of living is moderate, and the price of real estate governed by its value for actual use; for the proprietor, unequalled sites of residence present themselves, while the mechanic and laborer can find abundant places for a home, at terms to suit the most limited means; for the purposes of business no city has a site superior, while few can equal our own.
The estimate for Lumber, shows the following:
Of the receipts fourteen million seven hundred and seventy-five thousand two hundred and sixteen feet have been by river, and seven million four hundred and thirty-eight thousand feet by railroad.
The amount of freight and charges paid here for the year have been $450,029.00. Of this the amount of railroad charge, was $401,470.00. And the amount of river charges was $48,559.00.
The aggregate exports and imports for the same time have been, as nearly as can be ascertained, ninety-three thousand six hundred and eighty-three tons. Of this amount forty thousand five hundred and eigthy-four tons are exports, and fifty-three thousand and ninety-nine tons imports. Of the exports thirty-four thousand one hundred and fifty-seven tons were by railroad, and six thousand four hundred and twenty-seven by river. Of the imports forty-seven thousand and twenty-nine tons were by railroad, and six thousand and seventy tons by river. Total river tonnage, twelve thousand four hundred and ninety seven. Total railroad tonnage, eighty-one thousand one hundred and eighty-six.
The whole number of steamboat arrivals and departures have been one thousand five hundred and eighty seven. Of this number nine hundred and sixty have been boats running to this point exclusively, and six hundred and twenty-seven transient boats.
The number of boats that have passed the railroad bridge is one thousand and sixty-seven; and the number of rafts six hundred. The number of collisions of boats with the bridge has been twenty five; of which eight sustained injury, and seventeen sustained no injury. The nunber of rafts colliding with the bridge has been thirty; of which about two-thirds sustained injury, and one-third no injury. In no case was the injury sustained serious, with the exception of a few rafts.
The river opened on Thursday, February 26th, the ice moving slightly. It again became gorged on the 28th, and remained stationary until March 25th, when it again broke loose, and permitted boats to reach the landing. The first boat of the season was the Fire Canoe, and half an hour later the Conewago. The first boat that passed the birdge was the Conewago, bound up; and the last boat the Cremonia on the 23th of December, bound down. On the 25th of March the terry commenced regular trips for the season.
Up to the time of closing this report, the river has not frozen over at this point.
The first raft passed down the 18th of March, and the last one the 18th of November.
Of the rafts passing down the bridge more than one-half were manufactured lumber.
It is a matter of interest to note the comparative magnitude of the river and railroad business of the city, and the statements assume greater interest, in connection with the strong influence that has been exerred for the removal of this important connection between great Eastern and Western overland thoroughfares.
St. Louis, with a greatly prep underating river over railroad business, attributes to this bridge, the greatest injury her business has received. The admission calls attention to the fact, that an immense interest has found a more favorable and porfitable accommodation that before; an interest that is daily increasing, and if not as present, soon will become of greater importance than the inconveniences preseniel to any opposing interest. In this view, and aside from any local benefits that may accure, it would seem to any but the most selfish prejudice, a retrogressive policy that would distrub so great a general good.
There has been received her during the year by railroad:
Of the above the entire estimates for Lumber, Shingles, Railroad Iron, Coal, and Corn were received by the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad. And the entire amount of Wheat, Pork, Flour, and Wool, was received by the Mississippi and Missouri Railroad. The remainder was received as follows: By Chicago and Rock Island Railroad, Oats 29,380 bushels, Barley 2,316 bushels. By Mississippi and Missouri Railroad, Oats 4,463 bushels, Barley 2,372 bushels.
In addition to this there has been passed over the Mississippi and Missouri Railroad:
The total number of pounds passed over this road, for the year, has been one hundred and thirty million six hundred and ninety-five thousand five hundred and sixty-six pounds.
While the receipts by river have been large and interesting, no reliable records of the different articles exist upon which tables can be founded. The amount of Lumber received in feet has been fourteen million seven hundred and seventy-five thousand two hundred and sixteen.
In addition to the above, there has been shipped from this port as follows:
I. P. COATES,
Secretary of Board of Trade.
DAVENPORT, IOWA, January 1st, 1858