Pictures included with this chapter are:  Scott County's First Courthouse, Erected 1840-41 - Scott County Courthouse.

The present temple of justice was erected in 1888 at a cost of $125,000.  It is bounded by Fourth, Scott, Fifth and Ripley streets, and is constructed of stone.  The architecture is quite pleasing to the eye.  A number of decorations of allegorical design are placed in conspicuous places on the exterior.  These are illustrative of historical periods of the Mississippi valley.  The interior is conveniently arranged and is quite spacious.  Upon entering the building, on each side of the main entrance, are marble tablets inserted into the walls upon which are inscribed the names of many of the earliest settlers of Scott county.  The list and incription follow ezactly as they appear today:



Dedicated to the Pioneers

Who Settled in Scott County

on or Before December 31st, 1846.

Erected 1901



Clark, W. L

Clark, Ben W.

Clark, Margaret B.

Davenport, George L.

Davenport, Sarah G.

Davenport, George A.

LeClaire, Antoine

LeClaire, Margaret

LeClaire, David

LeClaire, Sarah


Smith, Ira F.

Davenport, A. H.

Davenport, Harriet


Bowling, James M

Bowling, Margaret A.

Condit, S. G.

Condit, Phoebe

Cook, Ira, Sen.

Mitchell, G. C. R.

Matthews, Margaret D.

Smith, P. M.

Van Tuyl, William

Van Tuyl, P. V. Cook


Averill, Leverett

Burnside, James E.

Burnside, Elizabeth

Burnside, Elizabeth Baker

Cook, Ira, Jr.

Cook, William L.

Cook, Ebenezer

Cook, Ebenezer

Cook, Clarissa C.

Cook, Hon. John P.

Cook, Eliza A.

Cassell, Mary L.

Dodge, Capt. Leroy

Eldridge, D. C.

Eldridge, Rebecca

Eldridge, J. M.

Eldridge, C. H.

Friday, John M.

Hyde, Andrew

Hall, Dr. James

Hall, Capt. W. P.

Higgins, Henry W.

Higgins, Maria W.

Jones, Thomas

Leonard, Maria H.

Little, Samuel

Mitchell, Nat'l.

Mitchell, Anna Rhea

McIntosh, James

Parkhurst, Lemuel

Spencer, Roswell H.

Sullivan, David

Rowe, Christopher

Rowe, Elizabeth F.

Welch, Cornelia M.


Armil, John

Armil, Susanna

Armil, Jess L.

Armil Thomas H.

Armil, E. Bradon

Armil, William

Baker, Philip

Baker, Louisa

Barrows, Willard

Bennett, Rodolphus

Curtis, Phineas

Curtis, Louisa B.

Coleman, Andrew

Carter, Vincent S.

Carter, Ann Eliza

Dyer, James

Fuller, Dennis R.

Fuller, Lovencia

Forrest, John

Forrest, Annie E.

Forrest, John G.

Forrest, Eugenia R.

Glaspell, Susan

Grant, Hon. James

Hyde, Julia R.

Hyde, Emma M.

Hall, Mrs. Mahala

Hedges, Sarah M.

Lyter, Samuel

Lyter, Sophia

Leonard, Harvey

Leonard, Pelagie

McIntosh, Robert

Macklot, Louis A.

Mead, Rev. Enoch

Pelamourgues, Rev. J. A. M.

Rowe, William

Rowe, Mary

Summers, Laurel

Summers, Mary

Wallace, Mary M. A.


Brownlie, James

Brownlie, Richie

Burrows, J. M. D.

Burrows, Mrs. Sarah M.

Collins, William S.

Collins, Miles A.

Cook, Mary

Christie, Robert

Weston, Col. Charles

Dillon, Thomas

Dillon, Rosanna

Dillon, Hon. John F.

Dillon, Anna Price

Dow, Hildah A.

Hall, Israel

Hall, Rachel B.

Hall, George F.

Hickson, W. H.

Hyde, George J.

Hoge, David

Hutt, Abraham

Hitchcock, Jared

Hitchcock, Lucy

Jordan, Anna E.

Jacobs, Mark C.-1837

Jacobs, Louise

Littig, Petter, Sen.

Littig, Mary Baily

Littig, John, Jr.

Littig, Louisa

Littig, August N.

Littig, Mary

Logan, Andrew

Maw, Johnson

Maw, Julia

Munger, Cheeney

Munger, Priscilla L.

Mead, James R.

Mead, Mary E.

McArthur, Gabriel

McArthur, Elizabeth

Owens, James F.

Owens, John

Parmele, Moses

Parmele, Laura

Parmele, Henry

Parmele, Emma Condit-1835

Parmele, Edwin

Parkhurst, Waldo

Pope, John

Paddock, Lenora

Taylor, Edward

Taylor, Precilla

Wells, Bartholomew


Billon, A. C.

Billon, S. J. Wood

Burrows, L. W.

Burrows, Ruth

Baldwin, Richard C.

Baldwin, Flora C.

Bradley, Horace

Bradley, Elenor

Collamer, L. B.

Collamer, Mary A.

Donaldson, Adam

Donaldson, Rachel

Donaldson, G. H. Donaldson, G. H.

Donaldson, P. A.

Donaldson, J. R.

Donaldson, A. C.

Evans, John

Forrest, George

Eldridge, John M.

Eldridge, Joseph

Eldridge, Mary A.

Holbrook, John C.

Inslee, William

Jack, James

Jack, Eliza C.

Jack, Andrew

Johnson, Ben

Kober, Christian

Kober, Sarah

Lesslie, Charles

Myers, C. F.

Morton, John

Prettyman, R. M.

Prettyman, Mrs. R. M.

Randolph, D. F.

Randolph, Mary J.

Rumbold, James, Sen.

Rumbold, Margarette

Rumbold, James, Jr.

Rumbold, Isabella

Rumbold, Dr. Thomas

Rumbold, William

Shaw, D. B.

Thorington, Hon. Jas.

Thorington, Mary

Walraven, John

Witherwax, Dr. J. M.


Armil, Henry B.-1837

Armil, A. Jackson-1837

Armil, James L.-1837

Burrows, Elisha

Burrows, David A.

Burrows, Mary

Buckwalter, David

Buckwalter, Elizabeth

Blood, Dr. Cyrus G.

Dutton, Jerome

Dutton, Celinda P.

Hickson, W. H.

Kelley, Walter

Kelley, Mary

McLoskey, A. A.

McLoskey, Elizabeth

Speer, William

Speer, James

Speer, Margaret

Parker, Samuel

Parker, Francis

Parker, Rhoda C.

Parker, Diantha

Parker, F. J.

Parker, Mary

Parker, Rhoda

Parker, Celinda

Parker, Elizabeth

Parker, Laura


Ames, Charles

Ames, Letitia

Blakemore, F. V.

Blakemore, Emily A.

Davies, John L.

Davies, Margaret J.

Hall, Byron S.

Newcomb, Daniel T.

Newcomb, P. Viele

Price, James

Price, Mary Ann

Pope, Isaac Tracy

Pope, Mary Ann

Pope, Robert H.

Pope, Angeline H.

Pope, Justus

Pope, Sarah Wood

Pope, William Henry

Pope, Mary Allen

Wood, Sarah Pope

Wood, James W.

Sanders, Alfred


Fulton, A. C.

Fulton, Mary

Fulton, LeClaire

Mitchell, Rose Ann

Steinhilber, Ezekiel

Steinhilber, Wilhelmine

Van Patten, John P.

Winrow, Catherine R.


Cook, Edward E.

Gray, William

Gray, Mary A.

Hughes, John

Johnson, Elizabeth

Reading, Kensyl

Reading, Hannah

Reading, August

Stephens, James

Townsend, Robert

Williams, C. C.

Williams, Eliza

Williams, A. F.

Barnes, Dennis-1842

Gabbert, Capt. W. H.-1846

Belken, Henry-1838

Moore, Levi-1835

Moore, Phebe-1835


Adams, Rev. Ephraim E.

Donaldson, E. B.

Price, Hon. Hiram

Peaslee, Ezekial

Peaslee, Eliza

Rigg, William

Scott, J. Bowman

Scott, Dorcus H.

Stephens, Wesley B.

Stephens, William

Stephens, Hannah

Wick, Marie Louisa

Southland, Catharine Wick

Follett, Maria Wick

Wick, J. Edward

Wick, Adrian F.


Cook, Lowe P.

Firday, Elizabeth

Kessler, Frank

Kessler, Mary Ann

Kessler, John B.

Kessler, Mary

Kessler, William

Karwath, Henry R.

Karwath, Julia A. Belken

Leonard, Thomas

Meinhardt, J. L. B.

Meinhardt, Regina K.

Miller, Andrew

Miller, Barbara

Miller, Frank A.

Sanders, Gen Add, H.

Smith, Mary Reed

Reed, Rev. Julius A.

Reed, Caroline B.

Wilkinson, Anna Reed


Barr, Somon

Barr, Susanna

Briceland, Hugh

Baurose, Louis

Connor, John

Connor, Ellen

Clemons, L. W.

Clemons, Mrs. E. L.

Gilmore, Stewart

Gilmore, Mary A.

Grapengeter, Fritz

Gillin, D.

Gillin, Mrs. Ann

Greehy, John

Greehy, Margarette

Jamison, John

Kelley, John F.

Miller, Nicholas

Miller, Jane P.

Miller, Mary J.

Miller, Henrietta

Martin, Luke

Martin, Mary

McLoskey, Charles A.

Sherman, Ebenezer

Wilson, George

Guy, John A.-1845

Guy, Elizabeth J.

Rambo, N. M.-1839

Rambo, Elizabeth

Kessler, Franz X.-1845

Morton, Allibone

Wilson, Nathaniel-1840

Wilson, William-1841

Wilson, Sarah-1841

Wilson, James H.-1842

Wilson, W. R.-1844

Wilson, N. J.-1845

Morgan, David-1841

Morgan, Mrs. Rebecca

Woodward, Joseph-1842

Woodward, Mrs. Mary F.-1842

Woodward, Benjamin B.-1842

Woodward, Elizabeth E.-1841

Littig, Peter N.-1846

Littig, Emma G.-1846

comm.-J. M. Eldridge, Jesse L. Armil.


Hebert, Louis

Hebert, Margaret-1841

Hebert, Joseph L.-1845


Noel, Adam

Noel, Susan

Gabbert, Henry


Suiter, Philip

Suiter, Nancy

Suiter, John H.

Suiter, Polly Ann

Suiter, William M.

Suiter, Jacob G.

Suiter, Philip L.

Suiter, Joseph-1837

Suiter, Francis M.-1839

Suiter, Hannah-1841

Suiter, James W.-1842

Suiter, Ellen E.-1844

Eads, Col. Thomas C.

Eads, Ann Buchanan

Eads, Capt. James B.


Davenport, James H.

Elder, Charles

Elder, Mary

Elder, Joseph

Glynn, Mary H.


Collamer, Lucian B.

Collamer, Mary A.

Cooper, Rafield

Newby, Robert


McGinnis, William

McGinnis, Mary


Snyder, Harriet

Snyder, C. D.-1846


Robeson, Thomas

Robeson, Sarah B.

Robeson, John E.

Robeson, David S.

children of T. and S. B. Robeson


Coe, Joseph

Coe, Catherine

Wertz, Mary

Suiter, Alice M.-1837

Cooper, John T.-1839

Stone, Horatio G.-1836

Stone, Hannah-1840

Stone, S. Clarissa-1844


Cody, Isaac

Cody, Mary B.

Cody, Col. W. F.-1846


Houghton, James, Sr.

Houghton, Eliza


Backus, George-1849

Backus, Eliza

Robertson, John

Robertson, Mary Neil-1847

Holm, Caroline-1846

Spencer, Roswell Hopkins-1833


Nichols, O. P.

Nichols, Caroline

Nichols, G. M.

Nichols, R. E.

Nichols, W. J.

Nichols, Isabell

Coleman, J. H. S.-1840

Coleman, Ada H.


In explanation of the seeming lapses in the chronology of Scott county settlement it should be said that the tablets were placed at different times, the later ones amplifying the previous lists graven in marble,  It is probable that the record has now been made of early settlement.  In this list will be noted the best known man in the world, Buffalo Bill, and the builder of the great St. Louis bridge and Mississippi jetties, Capt. James B. Eads.


North of the courthouse and in the same lot and connected with it by an underground passage, is a fine stone structure built after the courthouse, which is the county jail.  It is fully equipped with devices for the restraint and safe lodgment of prisoners.  It is modern in every particular and in its exterior presents a fine appearance.


In 1853 the Scott County Agricultural Society organized, with H. M. Thompson as president; Judge James Grant, vice president, and John R. Jackson, secretary, and in 1854 the society held its first annual fair south of Sixth street, near Farnam street.  In 1855 the next fair was held on land belonging to the association near the Orphans' Home, and the amount paid for premiums was $325.  Meetings were held annually on these grounds until 1860, when the fair for that year was held on grounds leased of Antoine LeClaire which were situated north of Thirteenth between Perry and Farnam streets, and all of these meetings were well patronized.  The next location was the present Central park and a later location was in northwest Davenport.  The association continued to hold these annuals fairs up to about 1898, and since that time interest in such annual meeting of the farmers have ceased to be of interest to the community.  Later on the mile Track Trotting Society was organized and had its grounds just outside of the norhtwest limits of the city, where was built one of the finest mile tracks in the country and where a number of records for speed were broken.  The society held annual meetings up to about 1908, when they ceased.


Miles A. Collins, an early settler of the county, contributed the following amusing article to the Half Century number of the Democrat and it is deemed a fitting finale to this subject, although it treats of the beginning of things in that regard:

"Early on a morning in September, 1854, Eugene Bird and I husked a load of corn, where the Oakdale line of the Tri-City Railway Company is now running, bound for the first fair ever held in Scott county directly that work was done.  Bushels of luscious peaches lay west of the house in the peach orchard, and we did not forget to fill our pockets.  We paid twenty-five cents each to get inside of an enclosure made by settiing railroad ties on end, resting on each other till the enclosure was complete.  Almost the first person we met was my father, who asked, 'How did you get in?' 'Why,' we said, 'we paid.'  'You ought not to have done it,' he replied.  'My family ticket (for which he had paid a dollar) lets us in free.  You might just as well have saved your money.'  Well-I thought that, as William A. Collins, commonly called Uncle Billy, the carpenter, had four sets of children in his family, all those admissions for a dollar might bear a little hard on the society, and it was no harm to help them out.  Anyhow I saw the sights of the fair.

"In the early summer of 1853 an organization had been formed, calling itself the Scott County Agricultural Society.  It chose H. M. Thompson, president, James Grant, vice president, John R. Jackson, treasurer and James Thorington, secretary.  Thursday, September 2, 1853, was a big day for Davenport.  On that day the Mississippi & Missouri railroad was started, on the corner of Fifth and Rock Island streets, just north of father's house, which is still standing, doing duty as the storehouse of the Rock Island's dining car department.  Antoine LeClaire threw the first shovelful of dirt that began the work.  The start was witnessed by two brass bands of the city, the Odd Fellows in regalia, the Turn Verein, forty of Strong Burnell's sawmill men in a large wagon drawn by four hourses, and a great throng; some estimated 2,000 persons on the ground.  I speak of this to show how it happened that so many railroad ties came to be on the ground that lay east of the corner of Fifth and Rock Island to the river, in LeClaire's cornfield.  There were thousands of them.  It was not so hard a matter for John R. Jackson to place them in line as a fence.  This fence enclosed about an acre, from Sixth street south to about where the U. N. Roberts Company's sash and door factory is.  The first thing that I noticed, after getting on the grounds, was the treasurer of the society driving a span of mules hitched to a self-raking reaper, going slowly around the grounds.  This reaper had a way of automatically taking the sheaf from the platform, as a man's arm would do.  As it was the first reaper of the kind that I ever saw in motion, its operation was interesting.  Flour barrels were strung around the fence, covered with unplaned boards.  At the foot of the same were bushels and bushels of potatoes and grain, and on the top were placed pantry stores and things good to eat.  Not much show for trotting horses; did not take time to make a track; but there was a good show of carriage horses and farm teams.  Adam Donaldson, I think, got first premium on carriage team.  He also got first on his hogs,  which were not numerous, as every man was expected to care for his own family, especially pigs.  There was a large crowd in attendance and a good social time.  Antoine LeClaire, of course, was there with his carriage.  He had just finished his mansion on the hill above, now the house of Bishop Cosgrove, and he told us that we would find everything about it first class, from the stair rail of solid mahogany clear through."


Today, like other cities of this great republic, Davenport has its professional baseball team, which is a member of a league formed of various clubs in other cities, which play a stated number of games in the home places during the season, each club alternating in cities forming the league.  Every member of the club has first been tried out for his particular position on the diamond and is expected to "make good" in the place he has especially fitted himself to "hold down," and he draws a salary commensurate with his skill and agility.  The battery, made up of the pitcher and catcher, is the most important section of the club and much depends on the ability and generalship of the two composing it in preventing their opponents from scoring.  The "national" game has, therefore, become not only a recognized sport of the American people, but it has also taken its place in commercialism and many millions of dollars are expended annually by devotees of the game.  One city has its million-dollar baseball park and a number of others in the national leagues have grounds and their appurtenances that individually cost many thousands of dollars.  The players, many of them, demand and receive the salary of a bank president of the first class, and the president of one the great leagues was but recently voted a salary of $25,000 annually, to continue a stated number of years.  Such is modern baseball and the incidents relating thereto.  In the '60s the game was altogether different, not only in the methods of playing it, but also in the stipend of the players.  Today every player is an artist in his position on the diamond, and a run around the bases and to the home plate, making a tally, is now the exception in an inning rather than the rule.  Hence, the winning team is rarely a victor by a score of more than, say, from one to five or six tallies.  To show the difference in the game of yesterday, so to speak, and today, the following accounts of games played in 1866, as written by the sporting (?) editor of The Democrat, will make interesting, if not amusing reading, for the baseball "fan":


"Anything calculated to develop the health and muscle of the young men of our city should certainly meet with all reasonable encouragement.  A new club has been organized in our city with the above title and on Saturday last had a trial of skill on the level ground near the stone schoolhouse on West Third street.  The following are the officers and members:  president, Parker W. McManus; vice president, Charles S. Glaspell; secetary, Theodore K. Caldwell; treasurer, Samuel J. Priest; members, William J. Bailey, J. A. Bamber, H. T. Bawden, M. Carroll, J. W. Coon, E. P. Cook, L. S. Davis, E. Glaspell, A. L. Mossman, R. Moore, D. Moore, J. T. Temple, D. C. Porter; directors, M. Carroll, R. Moore, T. K. Caldwell.

"The matched baseball game between the Union club of this city and the Wapello club of Rock Island came off on Saturday last at the appointed place and resulted in the victory of the Wapellos.  A large number of spectators attended, the greater portion being ladies.  The game commenced at 2:15 o'clock, the Wapello boys having their first inning.  The following is an official report of the game.  We wish the Union boys better luck next time:

Wapello, Rock Island. Union, Davenport.
W. Gleim, 3d b....................... 13 E. Glaspell, 1st b.........................1
W. Dart, c. f........................... 11 J. W. Coon, s. s......................... 1
M. Weiser, 2d b..................... 14 A. L. Mossman, 3d b................. 0
J. Hodges, 1.f......................... 14 Samuel Priest, 1. f...................... 1
C. Platt, p............................... 13 C. Krum, r. f...............................1
S. M. Eggleston, r. f.................11 C. Glaspell, c..............................1
H. Platt, s. s...........................  15 John A. Bamber, c. f...................0
M. Sturgeon, 1st b................  15 D. Porter, 2d b.......................... 1
R. Chamberlain, c.....................13 P. McManus, p.........................  1
                                         _____                                             ____
Total......................................119 Total...........................................7
                          Innings        Runs                           Innings       Runs
Wapello...................9............119 Union........................9...............7

"Fly balls caught by the following gentlemen of Wapello:  C. Platt, 1; H. Platt, 1; M. Sturgeon, 2; R. Chamberlain, 1.  Union:  J. W. Coon, 2; A. L. Mossman, 3; C. Durm, 1; Claspell, 1; P. McManus, 1.  Umpire, William Sayles, of Moline; scorer.  W. S. Gates, of Rock Island.

The Scott baseball boys played a match with the Union boys - both organizations of this city - at the grounds of the latter, corner of Sixteenth and Ripley streets, on Saturday afternoon.  The weather was delightful and a large audience, among which were many of the fair sex, was present.  The boys wee all in excellent trim and the result is shown by the following figures which indicate that the Scotts took the palm:

Scott Club  O.   R. Union Club.  O.   R.
A. L. Mossman, c.................. 2 14 J. Iles, s. s.......................... 3 4
A. H. Weir, r. f...................... 2 13 P. Frame, c. f...................... 5 3
F. Angel, 2d b....................... 2 13 S Priest, c .......................... 4 2
S. Reed, s. s.......................... 2 12 R. Moore, r. f. ................... 7 2
C. Krum, c. f......................... 6 10 H. Bawden, 1. f. ................ 3 6
J. A. LeClaire, 3d b............... 5 11 C. Glaspell, 3d b. ............... 1 7
L. Barnett, 1. f....................... 3 12 E. Glaspell, 1st b. ............... 2 6
C. West, p.  ......................... 2 13 H. Robbins, 2d b. .............. 0 6
C. Watson, 1st b .................. 3 12 P. W. McManus, p. ........... 2 5
  __ __   __ __
Total..................................... 27 110 Total.................................. 27 41

Innings............... 1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th  
Scott...................   9   1   6  32  4  30  14  4  10 110
Union..................   5   0   4   6  4   4   7   2   9  41

"Fly catches - Watson, 1; West, 2; Reed, 1; Robbins, 1; C. Gaspell, 1; E. Galspell, 1; McManus, 1.  Umpire, W. E. Carmichael.


"Democrat,"  October 9, 1866 (Base Ball Items).-"For some time past political matters have prevented us giving that attention to local news which we always endeavor to do.  On last Saturday afternoon the Scott Baseball club of this city paid another friendly visit to their rivals at Rock Island, the Wapello club.  Those Wapello boys play a heavy game and are very hard to beat.  The Scott boys are new hands at the amusement and did not expect to win a victory, but proposed to do their 'level best.'  The Wapellos won the game, but as the Rock Island Argus states, 'were a little surprised at the improvement the "Hawkeyes" had made since their last visit.'  We predict that the Scott club will come out all right in the end.  These contests are carried in the most friendly manner, the members of either club conducting themselves as gentlemen.  At the present time the baseball fever is spreading from Maine to Texas.  In every state in the union the young men are banding together for the fostering of this athletic amusement.  As in all our towns and cities and brain is taxed much beyond the dictates of discretion, it is to be hoped that this healthy diversion will everywhere be encouraged by the press and public."


In "Gazette," October 22, 1866.-"Welcome to the Wapello club.  The Wapello Baseball club of Rock Island were received at the depot there last Saturday evening on their return from Peoria, where they had a trial of skill with the Enterprise club of the latter place.  The Wapellos carried off the first prize of $100, also the prize of $25 for the best thrower.  The game was well played, with many fine runs, catches and battings.  The score was eighty-five to fifty-four in favor of Wapello.  A supper was provided for the Wappelos on their arrival in Rock Island.  We congratulate them on their success.  We understand from one of the club that they had a very pleasant visit.  The Peoria club did the handsome thing by the Rock Islanders."


From the "Gazette," October 8, 1866.-"A friendly game was played last Saturday forenoon between the Quickstep club of Rock Island, and the Mississippi club of this city, composed of young lads from fifteen to eighteen years of age.  The grounds were in fine condition and the participants in the game did their best.  The sport was witnessed by quite a crowd of spectators.  The Rock Island club wore a uniform cap of blue and white and were a wide-awake crew, and proved themselves too much at baseball for our boys.  The result of the game was:  Rock Island, 55; Davenport, 42.  The clubs separated with the best of feeling and another meeting will soon come off between them, when we wish the Mississippi better luck."