A Souvenir Booklet Compliments of L.H. Mayne, Emmetsburg

" A Gift From Tim Laros to People of Palo Alto County"
Transcription by Cathy Labath

The matter in this booklet is a reproduction of letters published in the Reporter of thirty years ago, which were written by L.H. Mayne when he was with Company K during the Spanish American war. These letters faithfully chronicled the events that happened during the Spanish American war. These letters faithfully chronicled the events that happened during those memorable days in the 52nd Regiment and in which Company K boys participated. These events are not so very great, yet they give the daily life of a soldier in camp as he awaited events to shape to call him to a larger field of action. This never came to Company K, but there is no doubt but what the sacrifices made by the boys leaving home and being in readiness to take the field had much influence in bringing about such an early peace. It is true that the clash of arms, the blare of trumpets on the battle field and the onrushing of men in terrific struggle will find no place in them but the calmly waiting for order to move and the dull monotony of camp life is delineated as is also the pangs of sorrow as one sits by the bedside of a sick comrade and waits for the end to come, lying waiting., waiting for a chance to do your full duty to your country, on a cot or on the ground surrounded by hundreds of sick and dying comrades as it did to face the enemy on the field of battle. The yielding up of life on the battlefield is not the supreme test of a man's patriotism. The test had come to hat patriot and has been made long before that battle took place. Leaving wife and family, mother, father, brother or sweetheart behind and enlisting to fight the battles of his country when war is raging is a greater test on the soul of a true patriot than facing the cannon of the foe on the field of battle. The test has been put to that man. He has fought out the fight between love of family and love of country and made the sacrifice to his country. Abram has been counted the father of the faithful because he was willing to offer his son to God at His command. He was not called upon to take the life of his son but the sacrifice that wrung the heart of Abraham to its very depth had been made and God honored that sacrifice. The boys of Co. K. did this if they had no opportunity to do more. We give these letters a space because at this time they may interest some.

Leaving of Co. K.

     The rumors and events preceding and leading up to the departure of the local Militia Company are told in different terms, and as therein indicated the question for a day or two had been "Just when will the boys have to go?"  The final order came on Monday night and the bugle call, bright and early the next morning, spread the news over the town. The Company's baggage was already packed, and at an early hour the people generally began to gather in groups at every point of vantage from the Armory to the depot. Before starting the company did some little drilling on Broadway west of the First National bank, and shortly before the train due fell in behind a score or more of the Comrades of Henry Dillon Post who carried and guarded the stars and stripes and marched down Broadway. By the time they reached the depot they were surrounded by a thousand or more of their neighbors and friends. Many of the younger people wore small flags and ribbons of the national colors and under other circumstances it would have been an ideal holiday crowd, but as it was it appreciated the serious mission that was in all probability before the boys. One attempt at cheering was essayed but the people were too sad for that. America was sung. The train moved in. Good-byes were said and in all too short a time our boys were gone.

The Roster

    Captain-P.O. Refsell.
    First Lieutenant-H.W. Beebe.
    Second Lieutenant-A.H. Keller
    Com. Capt.-W.E.G. Saunders
    Bat. Adjut.-C.M. Henry
    Hospital Steward-Geo. F. Herley

    C.C. Mueller, H.C. Armstrong, C.F.Grout

    C.F. Starr, J.C. Armstrong

    W.T. Krieger, E.R. Theile, L.H. Bauck, Jas. R. Bigley, James Rush, Leslie J. Duncan, H.S. Dickinson, Wm. Hefley, C.R. Darland, Harris Hemstreet, F.D.Grout, C.R.H. Duncan, R.D. Hodgkinson, Nels Nelson, L.H. Mayne, W.T. Heacock, E.J. Nolan, H.J. Soper, C.E. Robins, M. Hefley, T.F. Rutledge, Jay Letson, L.P. Stillman, S.V.A. Richard, S.R. Stedman, C.F. Dorris,W.H. Sammin, Frank Baker, J.E. King.


     Camp McKinley,
     Wednesday, April 27, 1889

     The Iowa National Guards are now all in camp in their place and are hard at work drilling and perfecting themselves in military discipline. Every indication points to a reorganization of the entire guard and the enlistment of the men in the volunteer service of the U.S. Just when this move will take place is hard to say. Of course there is some kicking being done as such a course will do away with the company formations as they now stand and as this will throw out quite a number of officers it is but natural that it should meet with opposition. Perhaps the most interesting thing to the readers of the Reporter so far, would be a description of Co. K's journey to Camp McKinley. Emmetsburg people are painfully aware of the scene in their midst and so nothing need be said concerning it. At Algona the train was stopped at the foot of Thorington street and Co. K, got off at that point. They were greeted by the firing of a cannon and an escort of the G.A.R. and a large party of citizens were on hand with a band to escort the boys through the town. At the court house the boys of Co. F. fell in behind and together they marched to the Northwestern depot where a special train was waiting to hurry them on to Des Moines. An immense crowd had gathered to see the boys off. Here the boys of Co. K had a better opportunity for observing the parting scenes between the boys and their friends and relatives because they were not participants in it to any great extent although the writer must acknowledge many a warm hand shake and a fervent hope expressed for his safe return. The train pulled out amid the cheers of men and children and the women whose tear stained faces told of the sadness of their hearts more eloquently than words can express it.
     At Luverne, Goldfield and in fact every station on the line, a crowd had gathered and as the train dashed by the air was rent by their cheering and the waving of flags. The first stop was made at Eagle Grove and it seemed as if every man, woman and child in the place had turned out to give the guards a parting cheer.
     At Webster City the boys of Co. C. were in waiting and here a scene similar to that at Emmetsburg and Algona took place. A company of high school boys stood in company formation along the side of the track, and as the train pulled out they fired a salute. Fully five thousand people were packed around the depot and never in our experience did we see so many tear stained faces on one occasion as in that gathering.
     The most patriotic reception that the boys received was awaiting them when the train pulled into Jewell Junction. Here the school children had gathered and sang patriotic songs. The chorus of one was about as follows:
          "The cheer boys, cheer,
          For Cuba shall be free;
          We'll drive old Spain,
          From off the land and sea."
     After Ames had been left behind no incident worthy of repetition took place, as the train did not stop until it arrived in Des Moines.
     Camp McKinley is located on the state fair grounds and the various companies are very comfortably located in the cattle sheds and various buildings pertaining to it. It is far better than tents for, in case of inclement weather, the boys have good dry quarters. Nels Nelson, Frank Armstrong and Harry Dickinson were placed on guard duty the first evening and Ed Nolan was orderly to Colonel Humphrey. C.R. Darland and L.H. Bauck went on the next morning and L.H. Mayne was detailed as one of the provost guards.
     The diet is very limited and consists chiefly of bacon, potatoes, bread and coffee, but then the time may come when it will be even slimmer. The boys are all well and in good spirits and as the regulations will be pretty strict not much sickness is anticipated, although the measles are in camp.
Camp McKinley
May 10th, 1898
     Another week of camp life has passed with many pleasant incidents mingled with some unpleasant ones. The most unpleasant feature of camp life was the cold, wet disagreeable weather of the middle of the week. Wednesday it rained all day and the boys suffered considerable from the cold and dampness. Finally each company made a large camp fire in the center of their quarters and soon its brightness and warmth put a more cheerful aspect on affairs. The boys gathered around it, told stories, sang and danced and whiled away the evening in a very comfortable manner.
     One of the most pleasant features of the week was the chicken supper served by the ladies of Des Moines Thursday. It was certainly a gigantic undertaking for the ladies but they carried it through in a highly successful manner. Of course in such cases some mistakes will be made in the distribution of so many provisions and it so happened that the chickens destined for Co. K did not turn up. It seemed some of the companies left what little decency and manners they had at home and so gobbled onto everything they could lay their hands on. The ladies who had charge of the dinner for Co. K were very indignant over the matter and although they were not in the slightest to blame they determined to amend matters and so last Sunday the boys were served with eighteen nice fat chickens; so in the long run this was better. Thursday's dinner was ample as it consisted of roast beef, home-made bread, fresh onions and radishes, various kinds of jellies, oranges and bananas. The boys improvised all sorts of things for tables and sat around and were waited upon by the ladies. It was certainly a very pleasant affair and brought vividly to mind the home life which the boys had left behind. At the close of the dinner Capt. Refsell made a neat little speech thanking the ladies who had come among them and served such a palatable and wholesome dinner, especially the kindness of heart that had prompted them to come among strangers and wait upon them so nicely. At the conclusion the boys gave three cheers for the ladies.
     The all absorbing topic of interest during the week was the examination of officers which commenced on Thursday and continued the balance of the week. Of course every officer was desirous to pass and those that were too light would drink four or five pounds of water to make up for what they lacked in weight. Of course it was impossible for a fellow that lacked from ten to twenty pounds to make up the deficiency and when such was turned down a roar was sure to follow. The matter was taken to Washington and it was finally ordered that when any one was sound physically a few pounds more or less in weight would not debar him from entering the service.
     Friday Governor Shaw reviewed the troops  and it certainly made a splendid sight to behold the entire four regiments drawn up in company front by battalions and standing at parade rest. The line was nearly one mile in length. Afterwards the four regiments passed in review and as this required a march of nearly two miles in company front it made the boys sweat some. On the way in from the parade grounds, a distance of two miles, it started to rain and to top the climax came a race for the entrance to the fair grounds and most of the boys were wringing wet with sweat when they got to camp. Some did not properly are for themselves and as a result contracted a severe cold.
     Sunday was a big day in camp. Excursion trains brought in people from every direction and friends of the boys from various parts of the state took the opportunity to visit the boys once more. Of course it is nice to have friends take an interest in you and come to see you, but it would really be better for the boys if their friends would stop sending them pastries and knicknacks, for we have observed that when a box comes from home sickness is more prevalent among those who receive it.
     The army officers are right in their determination to bring men to a strict army diet before entering on an active campaign, for then an army of necessity must conform to it.
     Written orders have come to the camp that one regiment is to get ready to be sent to Chickamagua the latter part of this week. It is not now known which regiment may move first, but the rumor is that the Third will be sent. Of course this is all speculation, but before the Reporter reaches its readers it is possible that the boys of Co. K will be enroute for the Southland, and the Fourth Regiment is as liable to be sent for as any.
     The boys of Company K, are well with the exception of  Private Nutting of Ruthven, who was taken sick Friday morning and Sunday morning it was discovered he had the measles and he was taken to the hospital. At present he is getting along nicely.
     The boys were made happy Monday morning by Capt. Refsell passing the required physical examination and so will remain with them.  For a time it was thought that he possibly might be barred on account of weight.
     Sunday a large number of Emmetsburg people were in camp to see the boys. Also a large box containing eatables and different articles for the boys was also received. Perhaps the best, however, was a couple of cases of eggs which came as a present from H.C. Shadbolt and a check of $115 which a number of the good citizens of Emmetsburg kindly contributed to the company. J.C. Stemets and Dr. J.C. Davies while here Sunday left a couple of boxes of cigars for the boys. The boys feel grateful for the favor bestowed and will endeavor to do their full duty as soldiers in whatever capacity they are placed. They are especially grateful to Mr. Shadbolt, for while here last week he gave $5.00 toward replenishing the larder of the company.
     Sunday afternoon some guy started the report that Sampson had met with a Spanish fleet of 19 vessels off the coast of Porto Rico and four of his vessels were sunk and the other two rendered. Of course, the news was unreasonable but it made everybody uneasy until a number of the boys went up town and found out that the thing was all a hoax.
     Capt. Saunders returned from Emmetsburg Saturday morning and is still with the boys.
     Sunday morning about two o'clock a little excitement was created in the quarters of Co K by the arrival of the Sergeant Armstrong and thirty recruits for Co K. It took considerable maneuvering to get the boys located in stalls for the balance of the night for both straw and blankets were needed. However, the boys were all provided for in some manner until blankets and straw could be drawn for them. The boys are likely fellows and are working in a splendid manner.
     Among those who came down from Emmetsburg Sunday was Lieut. Kellar who brought with him a box of things from home. The boys were glad to see the Colonel, as they call him, for he was a favorite among them.
    At last it is pretty definitely decided where the regiments will go. The Second will move next Monday to Chickamaugua and the Fourth will go soon after to Washington, D.C. and the other two will remain in Des Moines for some time after. The Second will be a part of the army to invade Cuba and the Fourth will be held in reserve to reinforce at any time.
     The examination is still on and a large number of the boys are being turned down, and everybody is on the anxious seat as to whether or not he will pass. Some of the boys of Co K are sure to be turned down as corns and other trivial defects are taken into consideration. In such cases a fellow will have to go home or move to some other part of the country.

Camp McKinley
May 17th, 1898

Company K Notes
     During the past week there have been quite a number of visitors from Ruthven, Estherville, Emmetsburg, and other towns in Palo Alto county to see the boys. Joe Harlie was down from Estherville the middle of last week and before he left he sent to the camp 40 dozen eggs to help out the culinary department of the company. The boys appreciated them very much.
     W.E.G. Saunders has been appointed regimental quartermaster much to the satisfaction of his numerous friends. He will make a competent officer.
     Battalion adjutant C M Henry has been assigned first lieutenant of company K and will assume his position as soon as the boys are all mustered in.
     Sergeant Chas. Grout passed an examination for a commission and was one out of nearly fifty to get in the first ten best. He stood away up near the top. He will be commissioned second lieutenant and assigned to company K.
     Of course these two assignments are highly satisfactory to the boys of the company as their officers will all be from among them.
     Sunday quite a number of Emmetsburgers were down to visit the camp and see the boys. Among them were W.G. Henry, A.J. Armstrong, C.W. Hodgkinson, P.H. Stedman, E.A. Morling, Geo. Hurley and J.J. Reardon of the Tribune.
     Mrs. W.E.G. Saunders and Capt. E.J. Hartshorn were also visitors to the camp during the week. The boys were highly pleased with their visit as it tended to break the monotony of camp life a little.
     Visitors from Ruthven, Curlew and West Bend were down to see the boys from these places and made the day pleasant for all concerned.
     Harley Case has been strictly in it during the week and has been living on the top shelf as it were. His school sent him a large box of choice eatables and several of the prettiest of the West Bend young ladies were visitors.
     Sunday evening a regular banquet was spread in stall No. 106 under the sign of the four, in which the West Bend people participated.
      The health of the boys continues good considering the changeable weather.
     Tuesday, Sim Steadman was a little under the weather on account of contracting a small cold.
     Capt. Refsell still keeps up his reputation as a champion heavy runner and by the time he goes through a long march he will have developed into a genuine sprinter. He certainly stands the drilling well and is always up and ready for duty.
    Just at this writing the boys are on the anxious seat for they are waiting to go and take the physical examination. The result will be known by tomorrow.

Camp McKinley,
May 24th, 1898.
     Another week has rolled away and the Fourth regiment I.N.G. has ceased to exist, for the time being at least, and been merged into the headquarters and to the surgeon's Fifty-second Iowa volunteer infantry. The examination of the several companies was finished Thursday of last week, but it has taken the intervening time to fill out the companies, elect and assign the necessary officers and muster the regiment into the service of the united States. The latter part of last week was rainy and but little regular drill work was done. The weather so far this week has been very fine, but the regular work has been interfered with somewhat by the mustering in of the Fifty-second and the physical examination of the men of the First and Third.
     But little of general interest has happened during the past week, and time has dragged slowly along. Two events, however, broke the monotonous routine somewhat. The first of these was the living flag exhibition on Friday afternoon. This was certainly and inspiring and patriotic sight. It consisted of 1200 school children dressed in red, white and blue and so arranged on a raised platform as to represent the colors of the flag. At a prearranged signal the children waved handkerchiefs of the same color as their dressed into the air, and instantly the whole became a moving and living representation of the "starry ensign of the free." The four regiments were marched by in review and as they passed by the grand stand in company front, in superb order, cheer on cheer rent the air from the throats of the thousands who witnessed the inspiring pageant. Old veterans who were present said they had never seen a finer review. Each company moved in perfect alignment and every foot touched the ground in perfect time with the music.
     Saturday morning the Fiftieth regiment broke camp during a heavy rain and marched to the station and took the train for Tampa, Florida-from which place they are expected to become a part of the army, for the invasion of Cuba. For the time being the boys forgot their rollicking, careless ways and were sobered by the contemplation of what the future might have in store for them. The boys of the other regiments gathered around and wished them Godspeed. Here and there in the crowd were mothers, sisters, wives and sweethearts, whose tear-stained faces told of the aching, anxious hearts that were left behind. As one stood and watched the scene his mind instinctively turned to the thought that such scenes have been witnessed in the rearguard of every war that has taken place since man forgot the brotherhood of man and turned to the sword to redress the real and imaginary wrongs of humanity.
     Monday night was a busy one with the officers. Word came that the muster-roll must be completed and the regiment ready to muster in by eight o'clock Tuesday morning and as yet some of the companies were not yet full it necessitated some lively skirmishing around to get everything in shape. The great trouble lay with company L. of Sioux City-the Captain of which, with the major part of the men, had been turned down in the physical examination. However, by morning enough men had been examined and the roster of the company completed, so that all was in readiness by the appointed time.
     It has been definitely decided that the Fifty-second regiment will leave Camp McKinley not later than Saturday and perhaps the order to move may come sooner. Just where it will move to is hard to say, but in all probability will go to Chicamaugua. Tuesday the rumor was started that it was the Philippine Islands but so far no order has come to change the previous assignment. Still it may come at the last minute and the destination be changed.

Company K Notes
    The boys of Company K are getting along very nicely and enjoying very good health. The measles are still with them, however, for Sunday Private Belmond, of Whittemore, came down with them. He is getting along nicely and will be able to be with the company in a few days. Mark Hefley and Sergeant H.C. Armstrong were indisposed for a couple of days with severe colds; but aside from these cases the boys have all been able for their regular rations three times a day.
     The boys of Company K came out of the physical examination in fine shape. Out of seventy-six examined only six failed to pass on the final examination. These were J.L. Duncan and S.R. Stedman of Emmetsburg, on account of eye-sight, F.A. Price of Ruthven, Harry Soper of Estherville and a couple of fellows by the names of Osterson and Bender, Clifford Martin, of West Bend was also turned down because he lacked a few pounds in weight.
     The examining surgeons paid the boys quite a compliment. They said that the company was the cleanest of any company they had examined.
     An interesting event in which ten or fifteen of company K boys participated took place Thursday evening of last week. It was a reception tendered by the Scandinavians of Des Moines, to the Scandinavian boys of the camp. It was an elegant affair and consisted of a feast of intellect as well as a feast of viands. Private Sophus Richards of Company K had the honor of responding to the welcome address, for Camp McKinley and right nobly did he acquit himself. His effort was the recipient of many flattering comments by the press of Des Moines.
     The officers and non-commissioned officers of company K have all been selected and assigned and the company will go into service with the following officers:
    Captain P.O. Refsell.
    1st Lieutenant, C.M. Henry.
    2nd Lieutenant, C.F. Grout.
    Quartermaster's Sergeant, H.C. Armstrong.
    1st Sergeant, C.F. Starr.
    1st Duty Sergeant, J.C. Armstrong.
    2nd Duty Sergeant, R.H. Case.
    3rd Duty Sergeant, L.H. Mayne.
    4th Duty Sergeant, T.F. Rutledge.
    1st Corporal, W.T. Krieger.
    2nd Corporal, C.R.H. Duncan.
    3rd Corporal, C.R. Darland.
    4th Corporal, F. Grout.
    5th Corporal, L.P. Stillman.
    6th Corporal, Harry Dickinson.
    E.J. Nolan was appointed wagoner and Nels Nelson artificer.
    The boys are still remembered from home and acknowledge receiving a couple of boxes of cigars from Hand & Murray and a tub of butter from the Emmetsburg creamery. Both were very acceptable to the boys.
    Sunday was a quiet day in camp, there being but few visitors. Among those present were noticed, Mr. Hawk, John Sammin, John Fountain, Arthur Theile and Henry Thompson. The company was also favored by a visit from Mrs. C.M. Henry, who spent the past week with friends in Des Moines and made several visits to camp.
     In the past week "K" has been especially favored in orderlies and has had several, among them were W.T. Krieger and E.R. Thiele. The latter has been selected the last two times that he was on guard. Ross Hodgkinson has been bugler at Gen. Lincoln's headquarters for the past week and will undoubtedly retain it until the regiment leaves Camp McKinley. Eddie King has also been selected for bugler of the guard several times.

To The Front
Nashville, Tennessee.
May 30th, 1898.
    Camp McKinley is a thing of the past so far as the Fifty-second Iowa is concerned, and this morning finds the Second battalion, under command of Major Hill, lying in Nashville, Tennessee, waiting to be taken to Chickamaugua 160 miles distant. Teh last few days have been busy ones for the boys of the Fifty-Second. First came the drawing of clothes on last Thursday. Every fellow drew what he wanted regardless of fit, and if he could not find someone who was as unfortunate as himself who had drawn a misfit in the other direction, he was unfortunate indeed. It seems peculiar, but the smallest fellow got the largest clothes, and the largest fellow got the smallest clothes. Each man had to trade around until he got a suit of some semblance to a fit. It took a full half day to get things straightened around. However, all could not find a satisfactory fit and so were compelled to go up town and have their clothes cut down. Some of the boys did considerable kicking. This was particularly noticeable among those who had served in the regular army or in the armies of other nations. A fellow might kick, but it had no effect, and the best way out of the matter was to get a trade as quickly as possible, and that is what most of the boys did. Friday evening was pay day and the boys were given twenty-nine days pay. The pay of a private amounted to $15.08, or at the rate of $15.60 per month. Of course the officers' pay was much in excess of this, a captain getting $150 per month- or as much as ten privates. We don't say that the officers get too much pay, but we do say that the pay is entirely disproportionate, for who imagines that when it comes down to real fighting a captain is worth ten privates. If this were so it would be well to make all the men captains and only send one-tenth as many men to the front. If this nation intends to depend upon her citizen soldiery for defense in time of war it should at least try to give them an adequate compensation for their time.
    The order to move came Friday and Saturday morning bright and early the work of breaking camp commenced and all was bustle until everything was put in readiness. The first battalion went over the Great Western to Chicago, the Third over the C.M. & St. P. to the same place and the Second over the C.B. & Q.  As company K was one of the companies of the latter battalion we will have to deal exclusively with its movements.
    We left Des Moines at about one o'clock p.m. in eleven Pullman Tourist Sleeping cars with regular porters to fix up the beds and keep the cars clean and in proper condition. Of course this was very gratifying to the boys, as it gave them plenty of room and a good clean bed with a pillow to use while en route. At every station between Des Moines and Burlington a crowd had congregated to see the soldiers go by, and shout their encouragement-for the train made but few stops. In many instances it seemed as though every person in the town was out to see the boys go by. At Knoxville, Albia, Ottumwa, and Fairfield immense crowds had gathered and few minutes the train stopped were spent in a hand shaking and wishing the boys Godspeed. At Mt. Pleasant the booming of a cannon announced the arrival of a train and it seemed that everybody wanted to shake hand with the boys.
    The reception which the people of Burlington tendered the boys outdid all the others. The ladies of the town wanted to serve a regular banquet to the boys in a hall but could not get the consent of the regimental commander to allow the boys to leave the train. Nothing daunted, they determined to show their appreciation of the boys, and to bid them a fitting farewell as they left their state for the front. Accordingly a basket of fruit was prepared for every man in the battalion. When the train pulled into the Union depot it seemed as if a sea of human faces was upturned to greet them. The band was playing and a mighty shout went up from the throats of the thousands who had gathered to bid the soldiers welcome and then Godspeed onward to the defense of their country's honor. The way through the dense crowd was opened and the ladies entered the cars, delivered their baskets and shook hands with the boys- indeed everybody seemed anxious to shake hands with the boys as much as though they were the greatest personage in the land. We are told that some of the boys, who had the temerity to ask it, got a warmer farewell than a handshake. The cordiality of the greeting, and the genuine warmth of feeling  shown by the Burlington people will long be remembered by the boys of the Second battalion, and will undoubtedly help nerve them to render a good account of themselves in their country's service. War is cruel and relentless, but it does have some compensating features, as was exhibited at Burlington, when ladies of refinement and culture forget the formalities of society and extend the hand of sympathy to strangers by the rules of society but brethren by the strong ties of patriotism and national unity.
    After leaving Burlington the train proceeded to Mendota, Ill., where it was switched to the Illinois Central and thence went south through Illinois and Kentucky to Martin, Tennessee, where it was transferred to the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis, and thence to the Nashville, where we arrived at about four o'clock a.m. Monday, May 30th, 1898.

Roster of Company K.
Captain-P.O. Refsell.
First Lieutenant- C.M. Henry.
Second Lieutenant- C.F. Grout.
Sergeant- C.F. Starr, H.C. Armstrong, L.H. Mayne, R.H. Case, T. Rutledge, J.C. Armstrong.
Corporals- W.T. Krieger, C.R.H. Duncan, F.D. Grout, C.R. Darland, H.S. Dickinson, L.P. Stillman.
Musicians.- R.D. Hodgkinson, J.E. King.
Artificer- Nels Nelson.
Wagoner- E.J. Nolan.
Privates.- O.S. Amdahl, C.M. Anthony, S. Anderson, J.R. Bellman, F.M. Baker, L.H. Bauck, D.E. Berry, J.R. Bigley, A.J. Carlisle, E.W. Crosby, B.D. Duggan, L.S. Dubois, L.B. Enge, A.C. Filer, Hans Gilbertson, A.C. Greaves, M.A. Hefley; H. Hemstreet, W.T. Heacock, Nels Hanson, E.B. Hammons, C.E. Hawk, J.M. Johnson, C.W. Jones, J. Letson, F.E. Letson, A. Sunburg, D.L. Leighton, G. Neary, Wm. Mulroney, B.I. Nutting, F.A. Price, O.A. Quinnell, C.E. Ridley, H.E. Rafensparger, C.F. Rose, James Rush, S.V.A. Richards, C.W. Shadwalt, W.H. Sammin, A.J. Shirmer, J.C. Shartle, Fred Scott, E.R. Theile, J.E. Williams.

Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Georgia.
June 6th, 1898.
    When I last wrote the second battalion was in Nashville waiting to be sent forward to Chickamaugua Park. While in Nashville the boys were given the privilege of going about the city in squads and visiting places of interest. Most of them took in the capital building, from the veranda of which they had a splendid view of the city. The janitor of the building took great pains to show the boys about and point out to them the objects of interest in various parts of the city. About three miles southwest are the hills upon which Gen. Geo. H. Thomas stationed his army when he annihilated the rebel army under Wood. In the state house yard is the tomb of James K. Polk, former president of the United States, and also a splendid statue of Gen. Jackson. The law is a scrawny looking affair and does not look much like the lawn around the Iowa State Capital. The usual sign of "keep off the grass" is up, but a fellow would have hard work to find any grass to tramp on. The building itself is not much for a state capital, but it has been built fifty-seven years and although old in structural design it is a substantial building. The battalion lay in Nashville until 9:30 a.m. when the train pulled out for Chattanooga, 150 miles distant. About 30 miles south of  Chattanooga is the city of Murfresboro, in which Gen. Rosecrans drove Bragg from middle Tennessee. It was a bloody contest as is evidenced by the thousands of solider that lie buried in the National Cemetery about one mile north of the city. It was Memorial day when we passed through and excursion trains were run from Nashville to the cemetery where the day was observed. The one peculiar thing about the excursion was that but few white people participated in it while there were several train loads of colored people went out to honor the memory of those who died to perpetuate the union and give freedom to their race.
    From Murfresboro to Chattanooga the road wound around among the hills and spurs of mountains, through a country made historic by the tramp of contending armies. The train crossed the Tennessee river at Bridgeport, Alabama, almost at the spot where the right of the Union army crossed when it went to aid the beleagured forces of Thomas, who was shut up Chattanooga after the battle of Chickamaugua. From Bridgeport to Chattanooga the scenery along the route was exceedingly picturesque, for the train wound around hills with rocky cliffs rising on one side, while on the other was a valley dotted with the cabins of the settlers. The scene may have been a pretty one, but to a practical Iowan the question that continually arose in his mind was, how could any man make an existence out of such a rocky and barren land, let alone the comforts enjoyed by those on the fertile farms of Iowa. Just before coming into Chattanooga the train passed around the foot of Lookout Mountain and as one gazed up  at its precipitous sides he was struck with amazement and wonder at the audaciousness of the men that stormed its rugged sides in the face of a brave and determined foe, and drove their army from its summit. It certainly took the greatest skill and determination on  the part of an attacking army and on one wonders, after seeing the mountain, that such a deed should be given the foremost place in the annals of the war.
    The battalion arrived at Chattanooga at 4:30 p.m. and as it was  extremely doubtful as to whether tents and camp equipment would be given the regiment that night the officers refused to be taken to Chickamaugua Park that evening. Subsequent events proved that the officers were right, for had the troops gone to the park they would have been compelled to lie on the ground without tents. As it was, the boys spent a very comfortable night in the sleeping cars and arrived at the park the next morning about ten o'clock. Dinner was gotten and immediately afterwards tents were issued and soon the tents of the entire regiment were up and ready for the night.
    The ground upon which the Fifty-second is camping was the position occupied by a part of the Union Center during the first part of the day's fight, and is directly in front of the position of Gen Bragg's headquarters. During the night the position was evacuated by the Union forces for one and one half miles west near the Lafayette road and was immediately occupied by the Confederates. In this latter position occurred some of the hardest fighting of the battle as for that matter of the war and the ground is covered by monuments erected by states where their regiments stood during the day or until they were driven from it to Snod Grass Hill about one mile farther northwest. It was at the latter place that Gen. Geo. H. Thomas held the field against desperate efforts of the Confederates to drive him from it. Charge after charge was made upon it, but Thomas stood firmly and justly earned his title, "The Rock of Chicamaugua." Speaking of Rocks puts one in mind that Pap Thomas was not the only rock on the field  for the crest of every hill is so thickly covered with rock and stone but that little bare ground can be seen. Where our camp is located the rocks were so thick that the police force for several days kept busy picking them up and piling them around the trees.  When you do strike ground it is a reddish clay that nothing will penetrate but a pick-ax or some kindred tool. Constant wear on this will grind up into dust and every tent is carpeted with this vest of natural down. With such a place to live in it is absolutely impossible to keep clean for now straw or wild hay is used, as the two latter are considered luxuries and are kept for the mules and horses. Our readers will naturally ask where is the green grass? Why when a fellow meets a blade of grass he instinctively utters and exclamation of delight and wonders how it happened to grow here. The only thing that thrives here is trees and darkies. The former grow tall and stately and there are some fine stately old oaks and gigantic pines in every direction. Indeed, when one goes through the timber he is lost in admiration and wonders why nature is so luxuriant in one direction and so destitute in the other.
    The health of the boys has not been so good as it was in Camp McKinley, but this is due to the change of climate and the drinking water. The days here are very warm, the thermometer ranging up into the nineties. This, in connection with poor drinking water, has had the effect of producing  a sort of dysentary, accompanied in many instances with severe vomiting. The attack except in severe cases only lasts about two days, when it passes away and the victim soon recuperates. The water for use is pumped from the Chickamaugua river and is brought to camp in pipes laid on top of the ground, not of an excellent quality in the beginning, it becomes almost nauseous by the time it reaches camp. There are several springs about a mile from camp and most of the drinking water is carried from them. This water, while not very cold, is palatable and seemingly agrees with the boys.
    Friday morning the division to which the Fifty-second belongs was taken out in an open field about a mile east of camp for the purpose of being reviewed by Gen. Grant. The regiment was drawn up in battalion front at the foot of a hill and for 2 hours it stood there in the broiling sun and then was sent back to camp. The time on the ground was enlivened by the music by the various bands. Dixie, Old Kentucky Home, Marching Through Georgia, and various other tunes were rendered and vociferously cheered. Finally the Fifty-second regimental band struck up the Star Spangled Banner. Instantly the air was rent with cheer, and none cheered more lustily than the First Mississippi that occupied a position directly west of the Fifty-second, commanded by Col. Govan who was a confederate officer and fought in the battle of Chickamaugua nearly thirty-five years ago.


Company K Notes

    The boys of Company K are all getting along pretty well. Quite a number have the prevailing complaint but all have so fare suffered but little. The first three days in camp the rations were slim in quantity and quality but this has been remedied so fare as quantity is concerned.
    Capt. Saunders was also quite sick for several days but at this writing he is able to be around once more.
    Sunday the boys were eager to town and as only ten were allowed passes the names were put into a hat and the first names drawn out were the lucky fellows. Some of the lucky ones sold their chance for one half dollar.
    The boys are all anxious to go to the top of Lookout Mountain.
    The boys have been the recipients of many letters from girls who resided in towns through which they have passed while enroute here. They wrote their names and addresses on slips of paper, baskets, and other articles passed them out to girls who ad gathered at the depot to see the soldiers go through. Some of these letters are nicely written and the writers were evidently ladies of culture and refinement. Who knows what may grow out of the correspondence that may ensue. It may be that many a life's romance will spring from it. Many of these letters come from young ladies in Kentucky and Tennessee and all express sentiments of love and loyalty for the flag, but deplore the necessity of war. They seem to think that every northern man is going to die of heat for all are full of sympathy in that direction.
    J.R. Bigley and Dan Berry are the company's  cooks and the boys are dishing us up pretty palatable grub considering what they have to cook.

Camp Thomas
Chicamaugua Park, Georgia.
June 13th, 1898.

    The second week of camp life in Chickamaugua Park has passed away with little of interest to break the routine of the usual drilling. It seems strange with nearly fifty thousand men on a comparatively small space of ground that men should get lonely; yet it is true, and we doubt if there is a man in the Fifty-second regiment who, if he will speak the truth, has not felt a feeling of loneliness steal over him as he sat in the passing twilight and allowed his thoughts to turn on the busy activities of the life that he left behind. This is especially true when a person is a little under the weather, for then it seems to be harder to throw it off.
    The wee has been intensely hot and considerable discomfort has been felt on this account. The thermometer has ranged from 95 to 110 in the shade, and it seems as though the sun would bake a man-its rays strike the earth so straight. It reminds one of what Mark Twain wrote concerning a hot day in Marsailes, France, and getting out into an opening is about like plunging into a fiery sea and swimming for life to the nearest strip of shade. No rain has fallen since we came and dust reigns supreme. The trees and tents are covered with it and even the air is so thick with it that a man gets a peck of dirt in one-half day, let alone in a life time. On Wednesday, Major Hile, commanding the second battalion, took it to Crawfish Springs about five miles southwest of camp. The day was intensely hot and the sun beat down on the dusty road with its most intense rays, without a passing cloud to alleviate its heat. The boys were pretty hot and tired when they arrived at the springs, but they felt amply repaid for their march, for upon arriving at the crest of the hill overlooking the springs such a beautiful sight met their gaze that voluntarily an exclamation of surprise and delight escaped from all. Right below them lay a small lake of the clearest water that one ever looked upon, and to their right a stream of water eight feet wide and two feet deep gushed as it were from the solid rock. A shout of delight rent the air, and soon every man was turning the cool, pure water down his parched throat and filling a long felt want. It did not seem good to drink one's fill of water without a thought of disease germs it contained. On the hill above the springs a large hotel is, or rater was, located- for it was recently purchased by a lady and given to the government and is now being used as a hospital in which the worst cases from Camp Thomas are placed. It is a beautiful spot and it is being put to an excellent purpose. We have heard veterans of the civil war belonging to the Ninety-third Illinois speak of the spring. They passed it on their way from Chattanooga to Atlanta when Sherman moved out to attack the latter place, early in May, 1863. There is talk of piping the water to Camp Thomas, and it is hoped that it will be done in the near future, for with pure water the only serious defect at Camp Thomas would be remedied.
    We notice that some of the daily papers are continually harping on the poor rations and sanitary condition of Chickamaugua Park. Even the death rate is magnified to a wonderful extent. It is true that several deaths have occurred since the Fifty-second came into camp, but in many instances those who died contracted the disease previous to reaching this point. Six deaths have been the result of drowning. Outside of these six the deaths have not averaged three a week. This is certainly a low rate when you take into consideration the number of men in camp, and the additional that all came here from other states, and in many instances from northern states where the climate is much cooler. Take the Fifty-second regiment for instance, it has been here two weeks and out of the nine hundred men in it but two are seriously ill, and one is a pneumonia case and the other a case of typhoid fever and it is pretty safe to say that both cases were contracted outside of Chickamaugua Park, for both were taken down immediately upon arriving in camp. It is true that a number of the boys are sick, but at every militia camp that we attended in Iowa as many of the boys of company K were sick as are sick today at Camp Thomas. Of course there are some kicking on the rations, but every regiment has sufficient to eat, such as it is. So far the diet has consisted of bacon, bread, potatoes, beef, beans and canned tomatoes. The variety is not great but a sufficient quantity is issued so that no man need go hungry.
    A little ripple of excitement was created in the middle of the week by the announcement that recruiting officers would be sent home to recruit the companies up to 106 enlisted men each. Instantly all was qui vive as to who would be the lucky men to go home. It was decided to send a commissioned officer, a non-commissioned officer, and three privates from each battalion. The ones selected from the second battalion were Captain P.O. Refsell and Private Hancock of Company K, a sergeant from Company C, and a private from company H, and company F. Merritt Turner of Bancroft was the one selected from Company F. They left Sunday noon and by the time this reaches Emmetsburg they will be in God's country once more.
    The Fifty-second Iowa was fortunate in securing such an excellent Chaplain as Rev. Johnson. He is an eloquent talker but better than all, his sermons are earnest, practical appeals to the men for the best possible development in christian manhood. He is exceedingly practical and pointed and does it in such a nice manner that none can take offense. He is genial and pleasant to meet, and all the boys like and respect him.
     To those who are historically inclined the battle field upon which they are encamped furnishes a never ending source of interest. It would take a month's of hard study and work to go over the entire battle-field and view the points of interest and follow out the various movements of the contending forces. Last Sunday we visited the site of Widow Glenn's house where Rosecrans had his headquarters during he first days battle. This site is also remarkable from the fact that it has a monument erected in memory of a private who was the only enlisted man killed at this point. To the north about one-half mile is the site of Rosecrans headquarters the second day of the fight. Here, also, was where Gen. Lyth fell in the vain attempt to stem the tide of battle that finally overwhelmed Rosecrans on that eventful day and drove his right wing and right center from the bloody field in disorder. We have not yet visited Snodgrass Hill where Thomas made his gallant stand and successfully repelled five fierce onslaughts, made by the confederates on his lines.
     The boys of the second battalion are looking forward to spending a night on Lookout Mountain sometime during this week. The plan is to have the men take a couple of days rations and march up the mountain one day and spend the night and then return the next day. It will make a pretty good days' march but then it would break the monotony of camp life and enliven things up a little. It has been our observation that anything that breaks up the monotony of camp life is of great benefit to the boys, as it tends to interest them and take their minds from some real or fancied ills that are always attendants of camp life. It is to be hoped that Major Hile will carry out his design and visit Lookout Mountain.

Company K Notes
     The boys of Company K are all getting along pretty well. Most of them have been ailing some, but so far none have been seriously ill. In fact the health of the company is better than it was a few days ago.
     The boys are still receiving letters from maidens fair from the towns through which they passed coming here. Judging from the language of some of these missives matters have progressed rapidly and things will soon wear a serious aspect.
     Harris Hemstreet enjoyed a visit from his father the latter part of last week and the first of this. He is a resident of New Orleans and came up to spend a few days with him. He was a member of the 12th Wisconsin during the rebellion and participated in the battle of Chickamaugua.
     Several of the boys have been remembered by friends in Des Moines since coming here. These remembrances came in the form of what is termed housewives, and come in mighty handy in sewing on buttons and such work.
     L.H. Bauck also received a box of paper and stamped envelopes from Paul Schendal, of Emmetsburg.
     A Y.M.C.A. tent has been put up in close proximity to where we are camped and the boys find it pretty handy to slip down and write home. The Y.M.C.A. are generally foremost in work among men.
     As I finish writing this the long wish for rain arrived, and for a few minutes it came down in a torrent. Many of the tents were flooded, but this will dry up in a short time, and the air is refreshing and the dust laid, so that for the next few days life will be tolerable.

     Camp Thomas
    Chickamaugua Park, Georgia.
    June 20, 1898

    In our last issue the fact that the long drought in northwestern Georgia was broken down briefly mentioned. On Sunday, the 13th, the rain came down in one vast sheet for nearly half an hour, and in a short time the small creeks, rivulets and gulches were pouring a perfect torrent of water toward the Chickamaugua river so that the stream was swollen far above its normal condition. All the refuse and excrement in and around that part of the park sloping toward the river was washed into the stream, so that its water, (none the best at any time) was made turgid with the filth and debris that had been gathering for weeks. This stream is the course of the water supply of the southern part of Camp Thomas and its waters were rendered so dirty and nauseous that none would venture to drink it or even to use  it for cooking purposes. The water for cooking and drinking was carried over by the boys from springs over a mile distant before and after drills. Fortunately the mules for the regiment were assigned to the wagoners the fore part of the week, and now the greater share of water used is hauled in barrels from Crawfish spring, a distance of five miles. The rain has continued the greater share of the week, coming in showers and has been a great blessing and in our opinion has warded of some malignant disease. In the first place it washed the camp clean of filth which would have been sure to breed some such disease as typhoid fever. Then again the heated spell was broken and almost every day a nice cool breeze has blown and put new life and vigor in the boys. This was made manifest by their actions on Monday evening, for hitherto after the drills of the day were all over all were listless and sat around and moped or else tried to find a cool spot to brood over real or imaginery [sic] evils. Now a new spirit came over their dream and part of their old rollicking ways returned and as parade was formed shouts of laughter and merriment rang throughout the camp of Fifty-second Iowa and even invaded the camp of the First Mississippi that lay first south. The effect of cooler weather is also seen in the decreasing sicklist, and another such week as the past one will so improve the health of the camp that but a few of the worst cases will be left in the hospital. The measles still cling to the regiment and several cases are now in the hospital. The first of the week the entire regiment was marched by companies to the hospital and vaccinated for smallpox. It seems strange,  yet it is a fact that three were several of the men who actually fainted away when they were being vaccinated. Thus far none of the boys are laid up with sore arms but it is pretty safe to say that this week will find many of them yelling, "O my sore arm!" when some other fellow thoughtlessly gives him a slap on it.
     Tuesday forenoon Major Hill commanding the second battalion took it to Snodgrass Hill, about three miles distant, on battalion drill. This hill is the most celebrated part of the battlefield of Chicamaugua, as it was here that Bragg's hitherto victorious progress was arrested and his army held in check by Thomas until the remainder of the army had time to retire to Chatanooga. On the summit of the hill the government has erected an observation tower seventy feet in height. The hill itself is the highest point on the battlefield and from the top of the tower one gets a splendid view of the topography of the entire field and surrounding country. In brief, the battlefield might be described as a triangle with the shorter lines on the west and north with the Chickamaugua river approximately as the hypotenuse. In the apex of the triangle stands Snodgrass hill rising above the plateau below, with quite a precipitous ascent. Away to the southeast across the Chickamaugua, lies the line of hills in which Bragg's army was posted before the battle. Just to the north, and extending to the northeast lies Missionary Ridge, which was the scene of one of Grant's most brilliant victories, while seven miles to the northwest Lookout mountain towers aloft with it jutting and precipitous cliffs overlooking the Tennessee flowing placidly onward around its base. It was certainly a grand view and he who looks once will look again and become lost in wonder at nature's marvelous works.
     Snodgrass hill is covered with monuments erected to the memory of the various regiments that stood on its fated crest that memorable day. Just to give an idea of the stubbornness of the fight we will give the percentage of the loss sustained by the three regiments that occupied a position on the right center of the union line. First came the Second Minnesota with a loss of killed and wounded (none missing) of 47 per cent. The Eighty-seventh Indiana came next with a loss in killed, wounded and missing of 51 per cent. The Thirty-fifth Ohio of the same brigade sustained a total loss of 50 per cent. Here, then, was an entire brigade in which the loss was practically one man out of every two failed to answer the roll call that night. The living and the dead who took part on such a congested field well deserve to be classed among the bravest of the brave.
    As one stood and gazed upon the grim reminder of such a gory field he instinctively wondered if the sons of the participants in such a sanguinary contest who are now tenting on the old battle ground, would render such a glorious account of themselves when once the minions of Spain were met on the field of battle. If they do (and we believe they will) no army that senile and decrepit old Spain can put in the field will stand long before them.
    A sort of rivalry has sprung up between the Maine Canteen and the Y.M.C.A. tent as to which will be the greatest attraction. The Canteen was the first on the ground and for a few days had everything its own way. Beer was dished out at a great rate but it often occurred that it was stale and hot and the boys tired of it. The Y.M.C.A. tent was then pitched close to the Canteen and as it has all sorts of games, and furnished tables and writing material free of charge it soon outstripped the Canteen as a popular resort. We can't say that it will do so permanently, but are awaiting a pay day to mark the effect this will have on the crowd at each place, for we are uncharitable enough to believe money has something to do with the matter. However, the Y.M.C.A. is doing a good work among the boys and should receive encouragement of all true men and soldiers.
    A little incident in connection with the above came under our observation the other day. One of the boys got paper and envelope and wrote a letter. He then stepped up to the man in charge and asked him to loan him a postage stamp. He got it. This was all right, but the same fellow a day before had money to squander on beer and whisky and to throw away in a game of poker. He should have gone to the Canteen or to the fellow who won his money to borrow his postage stamp.
    The Fifty-second has no Canteen owing to the fact that Col. Humphrey refused to sanction one in the regiment. He has been repeatedly pressed to give his consent but thus far has positively refused to do so.
Company K Notes.
    The health of the boys of the company has improved during the past week and on Thursday and Friday last every man in the company was reported on duty. Saturday, however, a couple were again laid up with the usual complaint. Saturday afternoon was inspection of arms and every spare moment the boys had was put in in cleaning up the guns and belts and as a result everything was in a very creditable condition.
    Sunday came the inspection of quarters by Col. Humphrey and the tents were about as neat and tidy as they could be made under the circumstances.
    Private Sophus Richards has been transferred to the division hospital corps much to the regret of the company. He is considered an excellent hand with the sick, hence his transfer.
    D.E. Berry has resigned his position as cook and his place has been filled by F.E. Letson. We presume Dan's time was so occupied by his extensive correspondence with the fairer sex in the various towns through which the company passed while enroute that he was compelled to give up cooking and devote his time to the more pleasing occupation.
    Several of the other boys devote much energy in this direction and several romantic alliances may result from their efforts. Judging from the description that some of these correspondents give of themselves of loveliness and no one could resist their charms.

Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Ga.
June 27, 1898

    Another uneventful week in camp life has passed away and life at Camp Thomas has flowed smoothly on. For the greater share of the week the weather was cool and delightful. Indeed some of the nights were rather cool, and in the morning a few of the boys were glad to get their coats, while others put on overcoats. This, however, was changed on Friday, and since then old Sol has shot down his most intense rays and as a result the thermometer has been ranging away up close to the hundred mark.
    The health of the Fifty-second is not so good as it was last week; but the greater share of the sickness was the result of vaccination and is passing rapidly away. Some of the boys had pretty sore arms and were pretty sick for two or three days. At last the regiment has been fitted out with rifles, but not all regiments in camp have been furnished with arms, and it is no unusual sight to see almost entire companies drilling without any arms whatever. The rifles furnished the Fifty-second are of the Springfield make and are the same as the old arms of Company K. Some of the fellows who were looking for the Kraig-Jorgensen rifle were considerably disappointed in not receiving the rifle. The other equipments for the camp are arriving slowly and from present appearances it will be some time before the 50,000 men at Chickamaugua Park are properly fitted out for an active campaign.
    The Y.M.C.A. still continues active work among the boys and their tent is thronged every day and night with boys taking advantage of the writing material and accommodations offered. Evangelist Fred Schriverea, of New York City is now working in the camp and held gospel meetings in the Y.M.C.A. tent three evenings during the week. His meetings were all well attended and his talks were closely listened to by his auditors. At his closing meeting Thursday evening about twenty-five signified their intention of starting in the Christian life. Some of these were sincere but it was noticeable that others only took the stand they did for effect, as their pocketbooks were at low ebb. The association, however, is doing a grand and noble work among the men, and should receive the encouragement of all.
    The worthy chaplains of the brigade and division have been having a sort of contention over the canteen business. It seems that meeting was called by the chaplains for the purpose of considering matters in general in their line of business. The canteen business came up for discussion and strange to say it found favor in the eyes of some of the chaplains on the score that it having received the sanction of the colonels of regiments it would be showing disrespect to a superior officer to condemn the canteens and petition for their discontinuance. It seem very strange that a minister of the gospel should take such a position, yet if reports are true, some did.
    The recruits for the Fifty-second began to arrive Friday, when about twenty came in. They were for the Third battalion and came from Fort Dodge and vicinity. Most of them joined company G. The first and second battalions as yet have received but few recruits but it is expected quite a large number will arrive before the middle of the week. These recruits no doubt will have to stand many practical jokes before they completely catch on to the ropes of army life and become thoroughly initiated. The "rookies" as they are called, are to be sympathized with, for their first few week in camp life are sure to be trying on them. They are new to army life and are awkward at first and in consequence will naturally make mistakes which they will feel keenly. This, with the entire change of climate and food and the sleeping on the ground, will have a tendency to make them feel homesick for a while. They will get used to all, however, in time, and will learn one thing- what in civil life would gall and wound their pride- in camp they endure with the utmost indifference.
    One of the peculiar things noticeable in this country at this season of the year is the almost entire absence of birds of all descriptions. One rarely sees one, and it is quite a curiosity to see one wing its flight from tree to tree. No doubt later in the season when the north is frozen in the region of winter the birds will return and take up their abode in Georgia.

Company K Notes.
    The boys of Company K are still getting along nicely and their health is much better than the average. Several days of the past week every man has reported for duty and at no time has more than two men been on the sick list at one time. This is better than most of the companies, for on last Friday morning when several companies reported nine sick, company K only had two unfit for duty. So far not one has been sent to the hospital with any serious complaint.
    The company still continues its good luck in securing more than its share of orderlies and special guard work. These are selected by the adjutant from the guard and are selected because of their neatness in dress and military bearing.
    Last Friday out of five selected company K secured three. During the week Corporals Duncan, Krieger, Darland and Private Bauck, Carlisle, Gilbertson and one or two others have been selected for this work.
    Company K now has a regular barber establishment with Harry Raffenberger as chief tonsorial artist and C.W. Jones as assistant. The boys have upwards of fifty regular customers, some of whom come from other companies.
    Blackberries are now ripe and some of the boys who can get a pan outside of camp succeed in getting quite a few of them. Last Sunday while several of them were searching for berries through the timber they were met by a man with a shotgun who informed them that he had nothing "agin you'uns" but if they didn't keep out of his field and off his premises he would shoot them. The boys eagerly explained matters and left the fellow in the best of humor. It seems that some of the soldiers had previously visited the farmer's premises and stole almost everything that he had they could carry off. On account of such depredations a guard has been placed around his premises and boys are kept pretty closely with the Park limits.
    Just not the great question is whether or no the government will pay the boys before the Fourth of July. Most of them are running low on money and like true Americans they would like sufficient money to properly observe the nation's birthday. It seems to us that extra exertions should be made to accommodate the boys in this respect.
    Harris Hemstreet seems to be the luckiest fellow in company K so far as having friend to see him. A couple of week ago his father came up from New Orleans and during the past week his brother, Marsh Hemstreet came up from New Orleans and paid him a visit.
    C.W. Jones expects his brother from West Bend to visit him the first of the coming month. He intends to come to Nashville on the Y.P.S.C.E. excursion.
    The boys would like to spend the Fourth at home, and enjoy the good things that usually accompany that day, but seeing that they can't do it they will have to do the next best thing and do their utmost to have as good a time as possible here in camp. They hope, however, that their friends in Iowa will remember the day and celebrate it in a patriotic manner.
Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Ga.
July 4, 1898

    This is the nation's birthday, but in camp the day will be passed as usual with nothing taking place to indicate that he day is different from the other 364 days of the year. Many of the high officers of the entire camp have gone to Chattanooga to attend the celebration there and perhaps before night a review or something will take place in camp, just to make the boys remember that it is the Fourth. Many of the regiments were paid off Saturday, but the Fifty-second Iowa was not among the lucky ones and in consequence the boys have not much ready cash on hand to properly observe the day, but most of them will do the best they can.
    There is much complaint in general concerning the pay and there has been a repetition of what happened in 1861-namely a period of time between the call for troops and the date of their muster for which the boys have received no pay. In some states the boys will lose fully three week's pay, as that time elapsed from the call to the day of muster. The government pays from the date of muster and if the state had not previously paid the boys up to that date why then they lose just their pay for the intervening time. The fifty-second is more fortunate in this respect than some others for the State gave them twenty-nine days pay at the government rate, but from the time the companies were ordered to hold themselves in readiness to mustering day was  thirty-two days. The discrepancy is not great but it would amount to $1.50 for each man at government pay. Many of the states have done much worse than Iowa, but there is no excuse, for the volunteers certainly deserve every cent that is lawfully due them. Goodness knows it is small enough at best.
    While many of the states have been exceedingly niggardly toward their volunteer soldiers, others have been quite generous. Perhaps the little state of Vermont has been the most generous of all. Not only did she give her guard state pay until they were mustered into the United States service, but since then she gives every one of them $7 per month out of state funds.
    Tuesday the routine of everyday drill was varied by a brigade review. The Third Brigade is composed of the Fifty-second Iowa, the First Maine and the First Mississippi, and made quite an imposing spectacle as they passed in review. This was the only time that the brigade had been on the drill ground in review. It is commanded by Gen. Mottox.
    The Fifty-second  regiment had its first court martial cases this week. The first case was that of a couple of smart recruits who came in the latter part of last week. Close to camp headquarters there is an apple and peach orchard. The fellows made a break for the orchard and it so happened that General Wade was sitting on the porch of the house and ordered the boys to leave. The fellows did not know him and gave him a considerable amount of sauce mixed with profanity.  Of course the boys were arrested and taken to the guard house and the matter referred to General Brooks who recommended to the court martial that the boys be given six months at hard labor. The court however was more lenient and fixed the penalty at a week in the guard house at hard labor. The second case is that of a private of Company I who went to sleep on his post while on guard. The case has not yet concluded, as the defense has set up that the boy was subject to fits and that he fell down in one. It is hard to say just how the matter will end. However, the matter has had the tendency to make the boys more careful and they will be more attentive to duty in the future.
    Company F of the Second battalion was detached on special duty for five days during the past week. They were camped at Cave Spring, about one and a half miles west of camp and acted as provost guard. Their duty was to guard the orchards and premises of citizens from the depredations of some lawless soldiers in camp who seem to think because they are soldiers they have the perfect liberty to take anything they can get their hands on. Like so many things in military law all must be restrained in their liberty on account of the lawlessness of a few. Now none are allowed to pass outside of the Park limits without a pass and the latter is hard to get.
    Recruits are still arriving and by the middle of the week all of the companies will be filled.
    As anticipated in our last these new men are having a pretty hard time for they are new to camp life, climate and food and as a result many of them are immediately attacked with the dysentery and other stomach troubles. Like the rest of us, however, they will get over it in a few days if they only stop eating. The great remedy for the disease is a milk diet, but milk is hard to get sometimes and costs ten cents a quart and oftentimes scant measure at that. Sometimes when a milk wagon comes to camp a fellow has quite a squabble to get near the wagon so great is the crowd that gathers around eager to get a drink.
    Thursday evening a tragic event took place at Bloody Pond, a small stagnant pool of water near the small village of Lytle. A couple of negro boys about ten or twelve years of age got into a scrap and one of them stabbed the other with a knife. The boy who was killed was a forlorn little fellow with only one eye and went under the appelation of "One-Eye." The kid who did the stabbing was named Wood. It is amazing to see the toughness of the negro kids in and around Chattanooga. They will fight and use a razor or knife on the least provocation.
    Sunday is generally considered a day of rest, but it was far from it last Sunday in the Fifty-Second for there were two inspections. First came the regular inspection of quarters at eight o'clock in the morning by Col. Humphrey. At two o'clock in the afternoon a regular army officer inspected the arms and equipment of the regiment. The object of the inspection was to ascertain which regiment in the second division was the best equipped and this one will be transferred to the first division, to take the place of a regiment that is not fit to go to the front. The entire first division is under orders to move to Porto Rico.
    At this writing no regiment has been selected but we don't believe that the Fifty-Second will be chosen on account  of it not being fully recruited up to the maximum strength.
    The Captain of Company M of the First Maine, which is encamped alongside the Fifty-second died Sunday about noon. He had been sick only a little over a day and his death was unexpected. The cause of his death was bloody flux. This is the only death that has occurred in the Third Brigade so far as we have been able to ascertain.

Company K Notes.

    The boys of Company K are getting along quite nicely and most of them are enjoying fair health. This morning only two were reported on the sick list, and both of these cases are improving and will be able for duty in a few days.
    Last Monday Private Ridley met with quite a serious accident. He had steeped some sassafras tea and not thinking it very hot put a tight cover on the can in which he had it. Immediately the cover was blown from the can by the steam and the hot water and steam were thrown into his face, scalding him severely. His left eye was badly injured and even the inside of his mouth and nostrils were so seriously scalded as to be blistered. He spent the entire week in the hospital but came back to the company Saturday morning. He will not be able for active duty for at least ten days. He is a splendid fellow and the accident was deeply deplored by the entire company.
     Quartermaster W.E.G. Saunders left Thursday evening last for home on a fourteen-day furlough, to attend to business affairs.
    The new recruits have been furnished a little amusement during the week by getting weighed as the boys call it. The weighing process is a novel one, if the weight is not exactly accurate.
    Some of the boys of Company K have been getting into trouble during the past week from drinking. They didn't get intoxicated either. They fell out of the ranks and went to a spring to get a drink of water, but unfortunately they didn't get back in time to fall in when the proper time came. A little extra fatigue duty was the result.
    The next day four others got caught in a jam of men at a spring and were forced inside the guard line and were arrested and taken to the provost guard house. Lieutenant Grout came to their rescue and finally got them out.
    Water is the great desideratum in camp. It has to be carried from the springs or else hauled from Crawfish Spring, and it sometimes happens that a fellow doesn't get a drink from one evening to ten o'clock the next day. He gets pretty dry by that time especially if he doesn't drink coffee.
    There is plenty of hydrant water that is pumped out of the Chickamaugua river but it is not fit to drink and nothing but a mule ought to attempt to drink it.
    Miss Alta Turner and a party of friends from Des Moines are expected at the Park today. It will be rather strange to talk to a lady once more for none of the boys have conversed with a woman since coming to the Park five weeks ago.
    Many of the boys received letters from the Epworth League Convention which recently met in Emmetsburg. They are grateful for the remembrance and for the kindly and christian sentiment contained in the letters.

Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Ga.
July 11, 1898

     Another week of camp life has passed away with but little to break the routine or relieve the monotony of such a life. The glorious Fourth passed away, and save for the regular government salutes fired at morning, noon and night nothing took place in the Park that would have indicated that it was the birthday of the greatest nation on earth and of the liberty of mankind in general. This was not due to lack of patriotism among the boys, but to the fact that no one took the lead in the matter or else the Fifty-second might have celebrated the day in an appropriate manner, for there is plenty of oratorical talent in the regiment that could have been utilized for the occasion. There were no drills in camp and many of the head officers went to Chattanooga and participated in  the celebration at that place. It was the first time that Chattanooga has observed the day since before the war and the citizens naturally took pride in making the day a memorable one and in giving vent to their long dormant patriotism. Indeed, the day was generally observed throughout the south and it looks as though hereafter the Fourth of July would be generally observed by the South as well as the North. In this the war will prove to be a blessing.
     The dullness of the day was relieved somewhat a little after noon by the confirmation of the report that Cevera's fleet had been totally annihilated. The good news was brought by General O.O. Howard, the one armed veteran of the Civil war, who took the dispatch to the regiments in the Park and read it to the boys. He was lustily cheered for the good news and in response said: "Don't cheer for me, boys, but cheer for our boys who are in Cuba, fighting under the torrid sun for our cause." It is needless to say that the cheers were given with a royal good will and the old woods reechoed with prolonged shouts. Thursday evening a rumor was circulated in camp that Santiago had fallen and Spain had made overtures for peace. Of course such news created considerable comment. Some were glad but the majority seemed somewhat disappointed in that they would never be given a chance to get to the front. It was only a rumor, however, and present indications point to a continuation of the war until the Spanish armies in Cuba have been captured or destroyed. It begins to look as if the Spanish nation was going to be the Egyptians of the present century, and are destined for total destruction, for they harden their hearts after each successive defeat. Spain is certainly approaching her "Red Sea" but it is doubtful if her statesmen have the sense to call a halt before the fatal moment arrives.
     The hours for drill have been changed in order to avoid the heat of the day. The morning drill now commences at 6:00 with recall at 8:00. The evening drill does not come until 6:00 with recall at 7:30. In some respects the change is a good one but in other respects it is not so good. The latter is true of the evening drill, as it comes a little too soon after supper, for too much violent exercise is not conducive to good digestion.
     The water question has once more come to the front, and for several days has been the subject of considerable discussion. The question was brought to the front by the refusal of Gordon and Lee, who own the Crawfish spring, to allow any more water hauled from the spring. Their action is not based on the lack of water, for the supply is practically unlimited, but on the ground that their trees around the spring are being damaged. There are those, however, uncharitable enough to say that the proprietors of the spring are very desirous of reaping a pecuniary benefit from the spring and that the government will put up the hard cash. There has been talk of having the government condemn the property, thus making it a part of the Park. It would take time to do this and the need of good, pure water is imperative to the health of the forty thousand soldiers camped in the Park. Today a barrell of water was brought from what is known as the Blue Springs a few miles east of the Park, but the supply there is not so great as at the Crawfish Spring, and we do not know how long the troops will be allowed to draw from the latter place.
     The commissary department still continues to miss a cog occasionally. The last one occurred on Saturday, when the bread failed to arrive on time and in consequence several of the companies were mighty short on bread. Talk about kicking, why every man kicked, and kicked vigorously, from the company commander down. In fact, if there is one more quality more than another that camp life is cultivates, it is the kicking propensity of man. It is very essential sometimes, and the fellow that does not do it is quite apt to come out at the little end of the horn. Sunday morning the boys of the Fifty-second Iowa were called upon to mourn the loss of a comrade, Sergeant French, of Company D., of Hampton, who expired early Sunday morning. The cause of death was pneumonia. He was taken to the division hospital the Wednesday previous to the demise. It is said that in a fit of delirium he got out of the hospital and was wandered away some little distance and was caught in a shower of rain. We can't vouch for the verity of the statement, but the attendants of the division hospital are exceedingly lax, for the only man Company K had in there got up and came back to quarters and was not missed for three days. Perhaps he would not have been missed then if one of the boys had not gone to the hospital for his blanket.
     The Leiter hospital is very nicely run and the sick there receive the best of attention.

Company K Notes

     The health of most of the boys of Company K still continues good. Indeed, the general health of the men who came to the Park with the Company is better now than at any time previous. The only one who is at all seriously ill is Arthur Greaves, who still continues to be subject to cramps in the stomach. The recruits, however, have been having quite a serious time and are certainly a rejected and woebegone looking lot of fellows. On first coming to camp their hopes were high and some were dead sure that in a few days they would be as fat and slick as otters, but a few days sufficed to change their tunes and one could wake up almost any time of the night and hear some poor fellow groaning and writhing around with cramps in the stomach. One fellow in the interval between groans was heard to remark: "O Lord, I have got 'em, and got them bad too;" and he did have them in dead earnest.
     The Fourth passed off very quietly to the boys of Company K and many expressions were heard of what they would have done had they been at home. No one was allowed to go to Chattanooga and as the regiment had not been paid off but little money was spent in any manner. In the evening, however, the boys congregated in the Company street and had a dance. Some dressed like women, a fellow played on a mouth organ, another called off and for a couple of hours fun and revelry reigned supreme. It was certainly a ludicrous and grotesque sight and was hugely enjoyed by the onlookers as well as the participants.
     The boys were paid off on Friday and as a result money has been plentiful in camp since then. It is going quick and it is safe to assert that many of the boys will be broke before pay-day comes again.
     The boys feel very thankful for the "Housewives" that the ladies of Emmetsburg sent them the first of the week. They are very handy little articles and will be prized by the recipients, not any more for their usefulness than for the fact that they came as a remembrance from the ladies of Emmetsburg.
     Capt. P.O. Refsell returned on Monday after a thirty day absence gathering recruits for the second battalion. During his absence the interest of the company were looked after by Lieutenant Grout, who made a very acceptable commander. The boys, however, gladly welcomed Capt. Refsell's return, as they have missed his genial presence during the past four weeks. 
     There has been a little surprise and some comment on so few of the recruits coming from Emmetsburg. Emmetsburg had a large number of patriotic men who were eager to have Spain wiped from the face of the earth, and the boys confidently expected to see many of these men rush to the nation's assistance on the second call. It begins to look as though there were tin patriots as well as tin soldiers.

Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Ga.
July 18, 1898

     The past week has probably been the dullest week that has passed since the Fifty-second regiment has been encamped in Chickagmaugua Park. The dullness was owing to a great extent to the dismal weather that prevailed for several days. The week opened cool and delightful, indeed Tuesday afternoon was so cold that toward evening coats became a necessity to keep out the chilly atmosphere. About the middle of the night a cold, dismal rain set in and kept up a steady downpour until noon Wednesday, when it began to get warmer and the rain came in showers. It continued at times Thursday and Friday until noon, when the bright sun made its appearance. It came off warm and sultry, but it was preferable to the damp, dreary days that had preceded it. 
     The wet, cold weather made a marked increase in the sick of the camp and had it continued for a week or ten days the sick list would have been trebled.
     The only thing that created any enthusiasm among the troops during the week was the news of the fall of Santiago and the surrender of Toral's army. This good news reached camp Thursday afternoon in a dispatch from Washington and was heralded by the booming of a cannon from General Brooks' headquarters. The good news traveled fast and soon the shouts of the boys in every part of the Park told that they were in possession of it. It was certainly a splendid achievement for Shafter and his army and has stilled the mouths of critics who knew more that he did about military tactics. Immediately upon receipt of the authentic news, speculation became rife as to what the effect of the victory would be. It seemed to be the prevailing opinion that the end was in sight and many of the most sanguine were of the opinion that peace would soon follow in the trail of the fall of Santiago. Indeed, the exercise of wisdom, statesmanship or good common sense on the part of Spain would indicate that Spain would sue for peace, but heretofore in their history the Spanish people have shown themselves to be strangers to such things and at this crisis in their history it is doubtful whether they have the wisdom to grasp the situation and ask for peace while they yet have a colony left.
     The much mooted water question has been solved for the time being. Early in the week an order came from regimental headquarters strictly forbidding men to drink any kind of water at the park, without it first being filtered and boiled. This order was made on the recommendations of the army physicians, and was no doubt caused by the rapid increase of typhoid fever among the soldiers in the Park. Whether or not the fever is due to the water is a matter for the physicians to decide, but the fact is that at present there are over one hundred cases of typhoid fever reported, and of course every precaution possible must be taken to prevent its spread. On the day the order came to filter and boil all drinking water an article appeared in the Chattanooga Times which reported General Brooks as saying that the water was pure, and everything in the Park good. Possibly this is true, but if such words were spoken by General Brooks they are certainly a little contradictory to the order to boil water.
     The acts of filtering and boiling water involves considerable labor and to perform it requires a detail or two of men from each company.
     It begins to look as though the Third Brigade of the Second division was going to camp permanently at Chickamaugua Park. A broad street in front of Gen. Mattox' quarters has been graveled and nicely leveled. It makes a big improvement in the appearance of things. The street in front of the Fifty-second regimental headquarters has also been nicely graveled, the latter extending to the ground surrounding the guard house. The gravel will be a great help in both appearance and comfort, for the street and guard quarters are located at the bottom of a slight declivity and in wet weather becomes quite muddy.
     The First Mississippi regiment has been removed away from its first encampment on the south of the Fifty-second Iowa, to the grounds about a mile west. The Mississippi boys unfortunately were very unhealthy and at one time nearly two hundred of them were in the various hospitals. The principal trouble was malaria, but there were quite a number of cases of typhoid fever, hence it was thought advisable to remove them to a safe distance from the other troops.  The cold chilly weather of the past week came on as the boys were moving in the rain almost without shelter. It was much harder on them than it would have been on the Iowa boys, for they cannot stand cold at all.
     All sorts of rumors are still prevalent in camp. Some of these have it that the camp is to be removed to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on account of the typhoid fever in camp. Indeed in the rumors the number of cases of fever are exaggerated tenfold, and even the number of deaths are magnified. It is mighty hard to trace such a rumor, and is the case of three black crows over again. Another rumor Saturday night had it that Porto Rico had been captured by the American Army. Some of the most credulous believed this report, although no American army was within six hundred miles of Porto Rico.
     Wednesday several ladies from some of the Christian societies of Chattanooga visited the sick of the different companies of the Fifty-second Iowa regiment and distributed flowers to them. Their act was a kind, thoughtful one and the hardness of the lines of those who lay on couches, wrecked by physical pain, was considerably softened by their exemplification of Christian charity.
     During the fore part of the week quite a large party of Iowa Christian Endeavors, who had been attending the National convention, came down to call on friends in some of the companies. Among them were James Patterson and wife of Algona.
     The second battalion under Major Hile, expected to take a practice march to Lookout Mountain on Thursday last but the rain interfered and it was postponed until Tuesday of next week. The boys of the battalion are eagerly awaiting the day, as it will be a diversion from the daily routine of camp life if nothing else.

Company K Notes

The boys of Company K are getting along pretty well, but either the cold, wet weather of the middle of the week or payday affected their health, for the sick list was higher than at any time since the boys came to Camp Thomas. It is possible that the wet weather and pay day both contributed to swell the sick list. A company hospital has been instituted and on last Friday there were eight inmates in it. By Sunday this had been reduced to four. A.C. Greaves still continues poorly but outside of this case all others were but temporary and will be out in a few days.
     The Estherville boys have received two boxes of eatables from friends at home. They were very acceptable and much appreciated by the boys. Al Bauck also received a box from Emmetsburg containing eatables. Among other things was a jar of butter, the first real butter that the writer has tasted since the Company left Camp McKinley in Des Moines. It made a slice of bread have a different flavor. Among the letters received during the past week was one received by Corporal Krieger from John French. The letter was a very nice one, as it expressed the deepest solicitude on the part of the writer for the boys. Mr. French also assured the boys that they were foremost in the thoughts of the people of Emmetsburg, all of which is duly appreciated. Letters were received for all the company from classes two and four of the M.E. Sunday school in which the deepest solicitude for the welfare of the boys was expressed.
     Quartermaster Saunders came back from his furlough the last part of the week, but Captain P.O. Refsell did not return Monday as was expected. It is now thought that he will be here not later than Wednesday evening, as he has finished his recruiting work in Iowa.
     Many of the new recruits have been quite sick, but it is the prevailing complaint and nothing serious is likely to arise from it. Some of them took the matter philosophically and kept up their spirits and got around in consequence much quicker than others who were plunged in the slough of despond. Some of the latter declared that they would be willing to walk home to Iowa, if only they could get a discharge. They will feel differently when they regain their usual health.
     A little more liberty in regard to going to Chattanooga has been put into practice. Now two men from each company are granted passes each day. This in the course of time will give all who desire, a chance to visit the city.

Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Ga.
July 25, 1898

     Another week at Camp Thomas has come and gone and still the Fifty-second Iowa is awaiting orders to go to the front. The Porto Ricon expedition has been made up and so about all hopes to go there has been given up and about the only chance that the Fifty-second will have to see active service will be in the fall campaign against Havana. Meanwhile after Spain has been driven from Porto Rico and the Philippines, she may conclude to make peace and so the Havana campaign will never come off. Peace is preferable to war, but the army at Cickamaugua Park is willing and ready at any time to exchange camp life with its dull monotonous daily routine for the more active, stirring duties of a real campaign. The dangers attending such are greater, but every soldier would prefer to risk such a danger rather than lay in camp and fall a victim to typhoid fever or some eternic trouble both of which are prevalent among the troops at Chickmaugua Park. The work of equipping the troops for the Porto Ricon expedition has been progressing rapidly during the past week and as fast as they were equipped they were pushed to the front. By Sunday it was estimated that fully 17,000 men had left camp and were well under way to the front. All of these troops belonged to the First division of the First Corps and will be under command of General Brooks, who left Saturday for Newport News to embark on the expedition. He will be succeeded in command at the Park by General Wade, commander of the Third army corps to which the Fifty-second is attached. 
     During the week rumors have been prevalent in camp that the Fifty-second Iowa was to be transferred to the First Corps and would go to the front with them, but so far it has proven to be only a rumor for all indications point to the regiment's indefinite stay in Camp Thomas for weeks to come. A range has been made about five miles from Camp and this morning the First battalion under Major Parker left for the range, where the boys will spend five days in target practice. In all probability the Second battalion will go next, and as Company K is in this battalion, the boys will soon have a chance to show their skill in rifle practice. 
     The work of equipping the Fifty-second has progressed quite rapidly the past week. All have their arms now and most of them their full complement of clothing, and the same progress in this direction for the next week will see the regiment fully equipped. The work of graveling headquarters has been completed and most of the officers have had board floors put down in their tents. Many of the boys of the various companies have also had floors put in their tents and in some cases the boys have erected bunks in their tents arranged around the tent one over another. It makes a great improvement over sleeping on the ground. On the whole the health of the regiment is not as good as a few weeks ago. It is possible the the dysentery is not so bad but the typhoid fever is on the increase and almost every company has men who are s ck from this dreaded malady. We do not know just how many cases there are in the division hospital, but it is full, and on Sunday morning forty of the worst cases were sent to the hospital at Fort Thomas, Kentucky. It is safe to say that many of the poor fellows will never see home again. A visit to the hospital will set a man to thinking considerable. It is not a very pleasant place at the best, but the force of men that have been detailed to take charge of it are totally inadequate to keep things in proper shape. There is a lack of nurses and above all there is a lack of men to attend to the proper sanitary conditions of the grounds. What the government ought to do is to have a force of civilians to keep the grounds in proper condition. This, if done at all now, must be done by details from the various regiments and as it now stands about twenty to thirty men are taken from each company each day for fatigue and guard duty. 
     The First Maine regiment which has been camped in close proximity to the Fifty-second has been removed to a hill about a mile southwest. Their old camping ground was quite low and the move was made in order to better the condition of the men.  And old campground, especially where there is not a regular system of sewerage to carry off all excrement and other impure matter must of necessity become stale and is sure to generate more or less poisonous gases, hence a change of camp often becomes necessary to the health of the men. It is rumored that the Fifty-second will also remove to another location in the Park, but as yet no order has been issued to this effect.
     The peddler's trade rose, flourished and perished in one short week. Some fellow on the outside got to bringing in cookies and selling them to the boys. They sold like hot cakes and soon almost every company in the regiment had fellows who were seeking to replenish their exchequer by selling some article that appealed to the gastronomical propensity of the boys. Their merchantile career, however, was cut short by an order from division headquarters prohibiting the sale of almost all the articles as being detrimental to the health of the men. The peddlers of various sorts of wares, however, are still numerous and all sorts of things are still being offered at exorbitant prices. One fellow appeared in camp the other day selling ordinary insoles to shoes for 25 cents per pair. He expatiated to a great extent upon the medical properties of his goods, claiming that they were a sure preventative of typhoid fever. As usual he found suckers to buy his goods.
     Captain Cook, of Company F, of Algona left for home Thursday, He has not been feeling well for about a week and got a thirty-day furlough to go home and recuperate. Meanwhile the interests of Company F will be looked after by Lieutenants Randall and Walsh.
     The regimental band went to Chattanooga Sunday and spent the day. Something was going on in the city and the boys were invited down to play. Their expenses were paid and the boys used royally. It made a splendid outing for them after their long sojourn in camp. By the way, the Fifty-second regiment has no reason to be ashamed of its band for it is one of the best, if not the best, in the Park. The boys have made wonderful progress in their music in the last few weeks.
     The fellow who deserted from Company E, about two weeks after coming to camp, was found at some place in Indiana and brought back this week. He has not been tried yet.

Company K Notes

     The boys of Company K are getting along very well, indeed, and most of them are growing more used to camp life and are having better health than last week. While the ailments have grown less, we are sorry to state that a couple of the boys are seriously ill with the typhoid fever. Ten days ago musician, Guy Wilson, who was transferred to Company K in Des Moines from another regiment was taken down with it and about three days later Elmer A Leighton, of West Bend, came down with it. Both were taken to the division hospital on Saturday and on Sunday Wilson was transferred to the hospital at Fort Thomas, Kentucky. Both of the boys are nice, quiet, gentlemanly fellows and were liked by all the boys. It is needless to say that while Elmer remains in the hospital he will not lack attention, for some of the boys will be with him all the time so that he will not be dependent on the hospital nurses for care.
     The boys are fast learning to take care of themselves, when it comes to something to eat, and every mess has a fund with which they buy things not furnished by the government and cook to suit themselves. Some of them are fast becoming proficient in the culinary art and we can give them a splendid recommendation to any young lady in Palo Alto county who is at all desirous of having such qualities in a life consort. Among he most proficient are L.P. Stillman, James Williams, R.H. Case, W.T. Krieger, Harry Dickinson and Frank Baker. The only thing, however, will be a bugler to get them up in time. 
     Captain Refsell and Corporal W.F. Heacock returned on Wednesday from recruiting in Iowa, having finished their work of recruiting was seriously retarded by the officers of home companies, who did all they could to keep men who had previously joined these companies with the expectations of going on the second call, from enlisting.  They wished hem to remain in their companies so that in the event of a third call, they would have full companies to offer the government. It seems tht some men are more patriotic with a captain's or lieutenant's commission in sight than thy are without it. 
     The boys are still getting boxes of eatables from home. This week Sergeants H.C. and J.C. Armstrong, sergeant Star and Corporal Darland received a large box from home that was just running over with things. The boys were wonderfully pleased and enjoyed its content hugely.
     Company K has a new cook in the person of a gentleman of color by the name of Lewis Abernathy, who hail from Polk, East Tennessee. He is quite a character in his way, and what is better still for the boys, is a good cook. He was in slavery at the breaking out of the rebellion but later on enlisted in the Third north Carolina regiment, (one of the few regiments from that state in the Union service) and participated in the battle of Chickamaugua. His regiment was among those that made the last stand on Snodgrass Hill, and finally repulsed the Confederates and saved the Union army, under Rosecrans, from destruction.
     The additional corporals appointed are W.F. Heacock and Oscar Quinnell of Estherville, Will Sammin and Ed Nolan of Emmetsburg, A.R. Carlisle of Whittemore.  They were selected some time ago, but did not assume their duties until the return of Captain Refsell, on Wednesday. The boys are all worthy of their promotions. 
     Quite a number of the messes have put floors in their tents and are prepared to make a long stay at Camp Thomas. Others have erected bunks to sleep in and a person would imagine that they had a regular sleeping car department. The one great thing lacking is the colored porter. Some of the boys now say that we are sure either to move our camp or get orders to go to the front. If the move were from the Park either order would be welcome, as it would bring change. 

Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Ga.
August 1, 1898

     Time flies, and another week has swiftly passed away with but little of interest in camp life. The weather has been of a variable kind, with sunshine and rain so intermingled that it was hard to say which was in the ascendancy. Suffice to say that it has rained every day of the past week, and al indications point to the continuance of the same weather for the next week. The continued rain has so soaked the ground in many places as to render it unfit to camp upon and in consequence a good many regiments have removed to new locations in the Park.
     The week has been rife in all sorts of rumors growing out of the removing of troops to Porto Rico and the peace overtures made by Spain.
     The first days of the week the rumors had it that the Fifty-second was sure to be included among those ordered to the front. The latest is that barricks are being erected in Des Moines and that the Fifty-second is to be sent there to camp until they are mustered out of service. The latter rumor no doubt grows out of the peace negotiations that have been going on since Wednesday. Everybody here has given up ever seeing active service - except it is to do garrison duty in some of the territory that will pass under control of this country.  It is save to say that nine men out of ten are loath to do garrison duty and if they cannot enter upon an active campaign they would much prefer to be discharged and sent home. This is especially true of men who left good situations and good business to go to the front in the hope of at least participating in one engagement. The chance of even doing this has seemingly passed by, and many are completely disgusted and willing to go home. In the language of a little "coon," (who hung around camp for a couple of months) and when caught would say "Good Lord, turn me loose!"
     One day last week the Fifth Illinois was ordered on the Porto Ricon expedition and packed everything up and marched about eight miles to Rossville, when they were just entering the cars an order came countermanding the former one and ordering them back to camp. 
     A more disgusted set of fellows never existed and immediately pandemonium reigned supreme. Some yelled and hooted, others cursed and swore, and all refused to obey any commands of their officers. One fellow took his gun by the muzzle and doubled it around a tree.  They scattered all over the country. Some went to Chattanooga and got drunk; while others went to little stations around and raided "thunder" all around. Not one third of them answered at roll call for several days. It was the second time that the boys had pulled up to leave and they certainly had just cause for complaint. The developments here for the past few days have demonstrated that after peace has actually been declared it is going to be a difficult matter to hold the volunteers to service. Of course, they can be kept their two years, but a lot of insubordination will result, and much hard feeling engendered. It will pay the government to enlist what men they need in the regular army and turn the volunteers loose. 
     Saturday, two men who were out on the range at Snodgrass Hill, engaged in target practice were accidentally killed. They were in the rifle pit and stuck their heads up without first putting out the flag and were shot through the head. One of them belonged to the twelfth New York and the other to the Second Arkansas. 
     Most of the boys who go to Chattanooga visit Lookout Mountain and the National Cemetery. Both these places are of historic interest and all who can should embrace the opportunity to visit them. Lookout Mountain is 2,500 feet above the sea level and 1,700 feet above Chattanooga. The sight from the top of the mountain is certainly a grand and sublime one. On every hand can be seen the low ranges of mountains stretching away in the distance. To the eastward lies Orchard Knob, while just beyond is Missionary Ridge. Both are famous for the stirring scenes which took place on their sides and summits. Right below you is the Tennessee River and valley. and one can trace the windings of the river in and out among the mountain spurs and hills by its shimmering water for nearly fifty miles. As you stand and gaze on the grandeur and beauties of the scenes around and beneath you, lost in admirations at the wonderful works of nature, you may suddenly be brought to a realization of where you are by a low muttered rumble, and turning and looking down the valley, you see a rain storm coming up; and soon it is raining a torrent beneath you while you are enjoying the bright sunshine and cool breeze that so nicely tempers its heat. We do not wonder that historian Bancroft pronounced it the grandest sight that he had ever seen. 
     The National Cemetery lies in the eastern part of the city of Chattanooga and is certainly a very beautiful cemetery. It is composed of sixty-five acres. It is circular in form and gradually rises from every side to the center. It is kept up in splendid shape, having trees native to this part of the country as well as many which are native to other parts. On every hand can be seen flowers of various descriptions while the grass is kept neatly mown, and every blade around the walks and flower-beds kept neatly trimmed. Surrounding the Cemetery is a neat and compact stone wall which is almost entirely hidden by woodbine and ivy. Here lies buried 13,182 soldiers of the Republic. Of these about sixty have been buried since the coming of the present army to Chickamaugua Park and the balance are the heroes who gave their lives in defense of their country during the Civil war. It is certainly a beautiful spot and is the only place that I have seen in the South that is kept up like the lawns and parks of the North.
     The first of the month has again arrived and the pay roll has been signed and the work of paying off the troops for the month of July will be in active operations by Wednesday. The boys of the Fifty-second expect to be paid off the latter part of the next. Of course every boy is anxious for pay day to come, for many of them are "busted" and have been borrowing for the past week. The general health of the regiment is better now than it has been for some weeks. Those who are sick have either the malaria or typhoid fever, but the cases of dysentery have been growing less and soon but comparatively few will be afflicted with that ailment. The regiment is among the healthiest in camp at Chickamauga and from this on this on the sick list will gradually grow less. 

Company K Notes.

     In point of health Company K stands second in the regiment and is excelled only by Company G, of Fort Dodge. The company has been unfortunate in this respect - in that it has had several chronic cases on the list for three or four weeks. Several of these cases are now improving and it is hoped that from now on the health of the boys will improve.
     F.E. Letson came down last week with malarial fever. He was at first taken to the division hospital but both he and Elmer Leighton were taken to the Leiter hospital at Crawfish Springs on Tuesday last. This hospital is a fine place and the boys have the best of care, with trained nurses to attend them. Thus far their condition has been about the same, with but little improvement. It is hoped , however, that the crisis will have been passed this week and that the boys will soon be convalescing. 
     Company K was taken out to Cover Springs on Tuesday, and put on outpost duty for five days. The boys packed their blankets and took along pup tents to sleep in. They started at noon and had the pleasure of marching the entire distance in a rain. They were wet when they arrived at their destination, but immediately got to work and put up their tents and put things in as good shape as possible for their stay. About eight o'clock in the evening a terrible rain storm burst upon them. It didn't rain, it just came down in bucketfulls and went through the pup tents as though they had been sieves. Soon many of the tents were flooded with water and occupants and their belongings soaked through. The rain kept up all night long and dome of the boys got up and started a fire and sat by it like a lot of drowned rats. The boys certainly spent a cheerless and miserable  night, and presented a dismal and woebegone appearance the next morning. It rained every day the boys were out, but fortunately the balance of the nights were fair and the outing was a source of enjoyment, notwithstanding a bad beginning. The duty while on the outposts was guarding the Park limits, keeping the soldiers from passing out and robbing the orchards just on the outside. While here the boys had plenty of fruit to eat. Apples sold for five cents per dozen and a fellow could get six big luscious peaches for a nickle. The peach crop here is immense and a person can buy them at the orchard for a dollar a bushel, but every fakir that comes to camp with them charges the boys double price. 
     The boys were much amused while camping there by a little six year old kid, who lived close by but who stayed with the boys most of the time. He was a bright little fellow and always had and answer ready for everything.
     Company C of the First Mississippi was on duty with Company K and the boys got along together in fine shape. The Mississippi boys are generous to a fault and are willing to share anything they have. It is peculiar, yet they like the Iowa boys much better than they do the Arkansas or Tennessee boys, or for that matter any other regiment in the Park. 
     Several of the boys have been receiving letters from home, among them being F.M. Baker, C.R.H. Duncan, H. Dickinson and several others from Emmetsburg. 

Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Georgia, August 8th, 1898

     The good book says: "In the latter days there shall be war and rumors of war," but in Chickamaugua Park, the past week war and rumors of peace have been so conflicting that it has been pretty hard for a fellow to tell where he is at. Even at this writing, while it is almost certain that Spain has accepted the preliminary peace terms offered by the United States, still Spanish diplomacy is so devious that a certain amount of uncertainty is bound to creep into all dealings with them. While President McKinley and Secretary Day have been giving their attentions to arranging terms of peace, Secretary Alger and his department have been busy arming and equipping the vast volunteer army that has been concentrating for the past three months at the various military camps throughout the country. Wednesday an order came from the war department designating several regiments that were to go to Porto Rico for service. Among these regiments is the Fifty-second Iowa. Of course this news was received enthusiastically by many of the boys but others who are confident that peace is sure to come in a couple of months did not enthuse much over the prospect before them. If there was any fighting in sight or glory to gain going to Porto Rico at this stage of the game every man would be willing to go, but it is useless to deny the fact that a large number of the boys - possibly a majority - do not feel like going to Cuba or Porto Rico to do garrison duty for the other fellows who had a chance to win laurels on the field of battle. Then too, many in the volunteer army cannot afford to do it. When they thought that their country needed their services they willingly gave up lucrative businesses and situations and answered their country's call, and not that the pressing need is over they feel that when peace has actually come that they should be allowed to return home and resume their business careers. It is going to be a hard task to make good obedient and satisfied soldiers out of men who in civil live received salaries from $600 to $1000 per year, and who now gets the munificent sum of thirteen per month. 
     One thing is certain, however,  move of any kind will be beneficial to the health of the regiment. In fact is is almost an imperative necessity. It is useless to deny the fact any longer that Chickamaugua Park is an extremely unhealthy place. Let any disinterested man come here, go through the various company hospitals and see the boys who are suffering on beds of sickness, hen go to every division hospital and note the number of boys that are sent away every day, while still the hospitals are crowded, then, last but not least note the number of poor fellows who are carried away each day to their last resting place. After doing this we believe that he will conclude that the Park is not altogether the health resort that the Chattanooga papers and some of the officials that are interested in the pecuniary prosperity of Chattanooga represent it to be. The water may be perfectly pure, but whence comes the typhoid germ that is causing so many cases of fever, and filling every hospital to overflowing. 
     In the past week two deaths have occurred in the regiment and in both cases typhoid fever was the cause. It usually takes from four to seven weeks for the fever to do its deadly work and from this time on the death rate will undoubtedly increase.
     Many of the regiments have moved from the shade into the open space, thinking that the warm sunshine will be more healthy than the shade. There is also talk of taking the troop to the top of surrounding mountains and camping on their summits for a few weeks. 
     Tuesday the Second battalion under command of Major Hile went to the brigade range, situated about eight miles from camp for a couple of days' target practice. They were given one day to go, two days at the range and a day to return. The march out was pretty trying on the boys and many fell out and came straggling into camp after main body had been there some little time. The trouble was that the pace set by the leading company was too fast at the beginning and fagged the boys out. The stay at the range was a very pleasant one and the time passed all too quickly. The shooting done was not up to the former record of the various companies but this was largely owing to difference in the target used which made if a far more difficult task to make a good score. The march home which took place Friday morning was made in exactly two hours with twenty-five minutes for rest. This was good time, for the boys carried their tents on their backs, being what is termed heavy marching order.  Not a man fell out on the way either.
     Governor Shaw, of Iowa, arrived in camp Saturday morning. He was met at Lytle by the band and Third battalion under Major Kirk, and escorted to the camp of the Fifty Second Iowa where he spent the day visiting with Colonel Humphrey and the balance of the officers. During the afternoon he visited all the company quarters and went through the company hospital shaking hand with the sick and speaking words of comfort and cheer. Sunday morning he spoke to the regiment for a few minutes in a very acceptable manner. He expressed himself as being highly pleased wit the military appearance of the boys and assured them that he stood ready and willing to do anything in his power for their comfort and welfare. He left for Jacksonville, Fla. where he will visit the camps of the two Iowa regiments at that place.
     The boys of the regiment are much pleased that they are to receive their pay this week. Many are dead broke and are anxiously awaiting for the important day. Money is an actual necessity here in case of sickness and the boys should be more careful of it when they have it and spend it only for that which is really necessary.

Company K Notes.

     Company K in common with the rest of the Second battalion went to the brigade range Tuesday of last week and spent a couple of days at target practice. The boys had the usual luck of getting a rainy night while out, still they had a very pleasant and enjoyable trip. It broke the monotony of the daily routine of camp life and enlivened the boys considerable. They did not do as good shooting as they usually do and it was astonishing how many of the best shots in the company fell down. The highest score was made by John Fritz of Rodman, who made 33 out of the possible 50. He was followed by Guy McNary who scored 31; Jay Letson, W.T. Krieger, Jim Bigley, Al Bauck and several others followed with scores close to the other. 
     Out of the eighty-odd men that participated only about twenty qualified to shoot at the 500 years range. The reason of the poor score lies in the target which was such that a man would invariably get five or nothing and the latter came the more often in the majority of cases.
     We are sorry to note the health of the boys of the company is not as good as when last we wrote. During the past week the sick list has increased over one-half and at the present time there are fourteen of the boys unfit for duty. This is not the worst part of it, for out of the fourteen sick, six are now in the division and other hospitals with typhoid fever. C.R.H. Duncan, B.L. Nutting and H.E. Raffensbarger the latter of Spencer, were taken to the division hospital Sunday morning. They have the typhoid fever. J. Clayton, Eugene Theile, Ross Hodgkinson, W. Chandlain, Charles Hawk and L.H. Bauck are also on the sick list. These with the cases previously mentioned make up the fourteen on the sick list. 
     It is to be hoped that the worst is over and from now on the health of the company will improve, still the outlook is not as bright as it might be.
     Boxes of provisions are still arriving at the Park from the homes of the boys and in consequence most of the messes have a few home delicacies which go a long way in meeting long felt want in the inner man. J. Letson and F.D. Grout each received a big box on Friday and the Estherville boys and T.F. Rutledge have each a box on the way, both of which are expected today.
     Governor Shaw was in camp on Saturday and visited Company K quarters and shook hand with the boys in the hospital. He grew rather sober as he gazed on the haggard countenances of the poor fellows in their cots suffering from the ravages of disease. We believe that his heart is with the boys and that he will do all he can to aid them in every way. He seems very solicitous for their welfare. 
     The boys of Company K from Emmetsburg feel very grateful to the W.R. C. of Emmetsburg for the kindly and substantial manner in which they remembered them. It is not so much the money consideration as it is the spirit of friendship and love which pervades the letter which they sent.  The W.R.C. of Emmetsburg long ago won a place in the hearts of the people of that community by their deeds of charity and the boys of Company K will long remember them for their thoughtful consideration and will use the money in ministering to the wants of their sick comrades. The boys can truly say God bless the ladies of the W.R.C.

Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Georgia
August 15, 1898

     The beginning of the end has been reached and the war with Spain will soon be a thing of the past. It has been short and decisive and has demonstrated to the world the superiority of the Americans as fighters. While it is true that this country had a much larger army in reserve than Spain yet on every battlefield the latter had the advantage of numbers and position. In naval engagements the superiority of the American gunnery has again been demonstrated and our navy has suddenly sprung from being classed as a seventh-rate affair into one of the most if not the most effective in the world. The eyes of the world have been opened by the affairs at Manilla and Santiago and the American nation has established its right to supremacy on this continent and a dominant place in the affairs of the world. Hereafter the stars and stripes will be honored and respected as representing the highest attainment that civilization has reached in the history of the world - that of extending liberty and freedom to a long suffering and oppressed nation. Other nations have fought for conquest and territorial acquisition but this nation only sought to establish peace and freedom and the right of self government to all the people on the American continent. It has been certainly a glorious work and the only regret that pervades the great army of volunteers that has been encamped at Chickamaugua is that it was not allowed to actively participate in the work. It has waited patiently for the order to move to the front to come and the boys did the best to perfect themselves in the military training necessary to enable them to successfully combat the foe. It was this thought and this expectation that made life in Chickamaugua Park bearable and now that the end has come and sickness has crept stealthily among them they feel that the government should remove them to a more healthy camp, or return home to their peaceful avocations. The exigency of the case demands immediate attention, for the situation is extremely grave and is constantly growing worse. Fully 225 men in the Fifty-second Iowa are on the sick list at this wring and there are other regiments in worse condition than the Fifty-second. This means that nearly twenty per cent of the men are sick, which is certainly a serious state of affairs.
On Saturday morning one of the companies reported one-third of its men unfit for duty. Even the Chattanooga Times has at last been forced to admit that there is much sickness in Camp Thomas, but still contends that the water is pure and the Park a healthy place, and the sickness is due to the negligence of the men and their total disregard of sanitary precaution. This is all rot, and the Times knows perfectly well that its statements are not true. Is it the regimental officers' fault or the men's fault that the water that has been furnished them has been pumped from Chickamaugua Creek, which has received the drainage of a part of the camp? When did typhoid break out? Was it not after the rains set in and the filth of the camp was washed into the creek and the air became loaded with noxious gases from the sinks that were of necessity, for want of room, placed close to the camps? These are the most prolific sources of typhoid fever and both causes were entirely beyond control of the regimental officers or privates. The various companies have done the best that they could with the water problem, and have had it filtered and boiled before it was used. This has been a hard task, for the filters are small and the water thick with dirt and filth, and it has required a detail of three men from a company each day to do the work.
     Sunday was a busy day caring for the sick and getting them removed to the division hospital. About fifty men were transferred from the various company hospitals to the division hospital, but we are glad to note that many of these will be given furloughs in a few days and sent to their homes.
     Sunday morning John G. Smith arrived at Camp Thomas direct from Algona. He was selected by the citizens of Algona to come to the Park and investigate the condition of things and to report as well as to accompany some of those who have received furloughs, on account of sickness, home to Algona. He regards the situation as extremely grave and says that the regiment should be removed without delay. 
     Professor Anderson, of Bancroft arrived on Thursday last, on the same mission and will accompany a number of the Bancroft boys home.
     Tuesday a review was held of all the troops in camp and upwards of 40,000 men passed in review. General Breckenridge, commander of the Camp, was the reviewing officer and expressed himself ad being highly pleased with it. The Fifty-second Iowa won the laurels and was pronounced as being highly pleased with it. The Fifty-second Iowa won the laurels and was pronounced as being the best drilled and finest body of men in Camp Thomas. This at least was the verdict as published in the Chattanooga Times and several other papers. Another review will be held next Wednesday and from now on we presume reviews will be the order of the day, still the boys are hopeful that it will be the last one they will participate in as they hope they will be removed from the Park soon.

Company K Notes

     The boys of Company K were called upon the past week to mourn the death of one of their comrades, in the person of Corporal C.R.H. Duncan, who expired Tuesday morning, August 9th at 5:10 o'clock. Just two weeks previous to his demise the Company marched out to Cave Springs on out-post duty. It rained all the time while the3 boys were marching out and all were wet through when they got there. That night Ralph was on guard and the rain poured down all night and all the boys were wet to the skin. The next day Ralph was not feeling well; on the second day he grew worse and on the Friday following when the company came back to quarters he took to his cot, from which he never arose. This fever took rapid hold of him and he failed rapidly and in the course of a few days it became evident that he would have a hard time to pull through, yet none thought that death was so near. Sunday he was taken to the division hospital, but his stay there was of short duration, for Tuesday morning he was called home and quietly passed over the river of Death into that brighter and purer life beyond. Almost from the beginning Ralph realized that he was going home and met death calmly and fearlessly.
     He was an exemplary citizen and always performed his duties in a conscientious manner. He was a true comrade and was thoroughly respected by every member of the company. His life was one of devotion and his ideas were of highest order. He was a devoted patriot and no nobler life has ever been sacrificed for the cause of liberty and humanity than the one he so willingly laid down.
     The health of the company has not improved any during the past week- indeed it seems to go from bad to worse and today the sick list book shows seventeen unfit for duty. Of these Nutting, Theile, Leighton, Hodgkinson, Hawk, Berry, Greaves, Welch and Bauck show marked improvement and with no relapses will soon be convalescing. Raffenberger, Justice Letson, Chandler, Friedley, Fritz and Clayton show but little if any improvement. However, there seems to be no immediate danger and their progress toward recovery is as much as could be expected under the circumstances.
     Today the word came of the death of Guy Wilson, who was transferred from the band to Company K at Des Moines. He was the first to come down with typhoid fever and was transferred from the division hospital to Fort McPherson at Atlanta about four weeks ago. Captain Refsell wrote to Fort McPherson twice to learn concerning him, but never received a word. Sunday he received word from Wilson's mother that he had died some time ago and was buried.
     Some of the boys are still receiving boxes of edibles from home. A.J. Schirmer received one Saturday evening, part of the contents of which furnished considerable fun. Among other things in the box were couple of cans of salmon. The fun lies in the fact that the government issues salmon and the boys have salmon to throw at the birds.
     Ross Hodgkinson received a furlough Sunday and before the Reporter reaches its readers he will be in Emmetsburg. Quite a number of the boys who are sick will also receive furloughs and be sent home for thirty days to recuperate. However, the best thing for the government to do is to permanently furlough all the volunteers.

Camp Thomas
Chickamaugua Park, Georgia
August 22, 1898

     The end has been reached for the stay of the Fifty-second Iowa in Camp Thomas. The order for their removal to Des Moines came on Friday evening, and as soon as everybody heard the good news hearty cheers went up from the boys of every company in the regiment. It is time for the removal, for nearly one-half of the regiment is on the sick list and the boys are completely discouraged. Disgusted because they did not get a chance to see active service and discouraged because of so much sickness among them. With such a feeling abroad the past week has dragged tediously by and no one felt like doing anything but loaf around and let time drag wearily along. Such a state of things is not conducive to the well being or discipline of any body of troops, and to say that the Fifty-second Iowa is demoralized is but putting it mildly. What is true of the Fifty-second Iowa is also true of every other regiment in Chickamaugua Park to a greater or less extent. When one sees in the various newspapers how anxious the boys of such and such regiments are to go to Cuba or Porto Rico to do garrison duty, they should take it as coming from an ambitious officer who is very anxious to retain his present position, and not form the rank and file of the men. Actual contact with the latter will convince any man that the boys do not desire to do garrison duty, but want to return home and resume their former avocations. Why should they not? They left paying occupations with all the comforts of life to go to the front and now - believing they have done their duty by their country- ask to be sent home.
     The officers and the men of the First Arkansas had a sort of a row over the matter last Friday night. The officers got together and telegraphed the war department that their regiment was ready to garrison duty. The men heard of it and as their wishes had not been consulted in regard to the matter they held an indignation meeting in which the Colonel came in for his share of denunciation. The officers tried to break up the meeting and the prospect for a genuine row was excellent for a short time, but it was finally evaded. Almost every regiment is having the same kind of trouble and such little scenes tend to break the monotony of camp life.
     Wednesday was a hard day on the boys in the Park. It was the day for the big show for the Chattanooga people when the entire army in the Park was compelled to pass in review. Reveille took place at four thirty a.m. and by six o'clock the boys had had breakfast and were on the way to Snodgrass Hill, three miles away, where the review took place. The formation of the Third Brigade took place in the timber to the east of the hill at about 8 o'clock. At eight twenty it moved out into the opening and for three hours the boys stood in the boiling sun waiting for their turn to pass in review. The cavalry came first , then came the artillery, which in turn was followed by the infantry. Fully forty thousand men passed, in review, and the sight must have been an inspiring one to those who had never witnessed such a thing before; but when a fellow has to stand for four hours in the sun to perform his little part in the show it become very monotonous to him. The Fifty-second regiment was one of the more fortunate ones and occupied a position about the center of the troops and so were able to get back to camp about noon, hot, dusty, and tired. Orders were there awaiting them to remove their camp out on the opening about eighty rods from their former location. It took all afternoon to do this and when bed time came the boys were pretty well tired out. It was certainly a hard day's work for them.
     The past two days the boys have been getting ready to move back to Des Moines. It is thought that the regiment will start not later than Wednesday, and perhaps it may start Tuesday.
     The boys are very grateful to their friends in Iowa for coming to their rescue and getting the war department to remove them from the Park. It will be the means of saving much suffering and some deaths among them. They will gladly welcome the sight of Iowa again and perhaps the cool breezes will take some of the typhoid and malaria from their system and soon restore them to their former physical vigor.

Company K Notes

     The boys of Company K are getting along fairly well but sickness is still prevalent among them. Sunday morning the sick list had increased to twenty-two, or nearly one out of every four and one half in the company. Other companies are much worse off than K and some show nearly if not fully fifty per cent unfit for duty. All of the sick are being sent home and before this reaches the readers of the Reporter, a number of them will be on the streets of Emmetsburg or in bed at their homes. Those who are left here in the hospital are doing nicely and will soon be convalescent.
     Corporal Harry Dickinson returned Saturday morning from his sad mission to Emmetsburg and was heartily welcomed by the boys in camp. He brought with him a lot of medicine and was followed by a dray load of edibles which the good people of Emmetsburg were so generous as to send the boys. I tell you the boys appreciate what has been done for them and the thoughtful kindness on the part of the people of Iowa touches a tender cord in their hearts.
The boys of Company K are heartily glad that they are so soon to be in Des Moines and hope to be at their various homes in the course of a few weeks.
     The Armstrong boys' mess and Corporal Stillman's mess have each purchased a stove and for the past week have been living like kings, on pancakes, biscuits, baked apples and other dainties. The boys are becoming adepts in the culinary line.
Quartermaster W.E.G. Saunders has resigned his position and his resignation has been turned over to the department and Lieutenant C.M. Henry has been assigned to take care of it. Lieut. Saunders has been given an honorable discharge and been complimented upon the excellent manner in which he has discharged his duties. His department had charge of fitting out the army in clothing and in furnishing mules, wagons and such things. Some have confused his work with the commisary department over which he had no control. During the time that he has had charge of the department he has handled thousands of dollars worth of supplies and the fact the accounted for every dollar's worth of goods speaks highly for his business integrity and entitles him to the honorable discharge that he has received. He is entitled to such a discharge for now that the war has ended there is no need for him to neglect his home and business interest to remain in the service. He expected to leave for Emmetsburg Monday or Tuesday.

Camp McKinley
Des Moines, Iowa, Sept. 5

     At last the Fifty-second Iowa or rather the remnant of it, (for fully one-third is at home on sick leave or in hospitals in various parts of the country), is once more camped at Camp McKinley. The ten days that elapsed from the time the regiment was ordered to Camp McKinley until it got started , were long and dreary ones for the boys, who were all discouraged and disheartened by the ravages of disease in their ranks. It seemed that as fast as one hospital car was sent out another was necessary to carry the new case that continually came down. The days dragged wearily and drearily by, and when on Sunday the final order to move came the boys took down their tents and packed up the few necessary articles that constitute a soldier's wardrobe with joyful hearts that at last they were to bid adieu to the place where so many of their comrades had endured so much suffering and some even death. As the regiment started out of the Park there was no cheering but a feeling of intense satisfaction and relief pervaded every breast, and unlike the wife of Lot none cast longing looks behind. The boys marched to Lytle, a distance of about one and one half miles, where thanks to the foresight of those having the matter in charge, a sufficient number of sleeping coaches were on hand to accommodate the entire regiment. At about nine o'clock the last battalion pulled out of Lytle for Camp McKinley. It was not so demonstrative a crowd that filled the coaches as that left Camp McKinley three months previous but it was a far more thankful one. Let us add right here that the boys feel thankful to every person who aided them to get out of Camp Thomas and should ever an opportunity present itself their appreciation will be expressed in acts and not merely in words.
     The trip to Des Moines was a very pleasant one to the boys who were well, but quite trying on the poor fellows who were suffering from malaria, typhoid fever and other complaints. From Chattanooga the trip was made over the Chattanooga, Nashville & St. Louis to Nashville, where all three sections of the train arrived Monday morning about one hour apart. From the latter place the trip was made over the Louisville & Nashville, via Evansville, Ind. to St. Louis and from the latter place to Des Moines over the C.B. & Q. route.
     The scenery along the route was picturesque and varied. First came the mountains and clay hills of southern Tennessee clad in their garb of pine and other southern trees, dotted here and there with small valleys that contained the cultivated fields in which cotton and corn seemed to predominate. North of Nashville the country was very undulating and this part of Tennessee was the most fertile and productive of any that the train passed through in the state. As the boundary line of Kentucky was neared a change in the production of the country took place, for instead of cotton, here and there a field of tobacco could be seen and the red soil of Georgia nad southern Tennessee gave place to a whitish clay and once beyond the state line vast field after field of luxuriant tobacco could be seen on every hand, while the towns along the route contained large warehouses where the product was cured and stored. The Ohio river was crossed at Henderson, Ky., and in Indiana and Illinois wheat and corn constitute the chief products. The train pulled in to St. Louis at about twelve o'clock and here a committee of ladies of the town were on hand with a generous supply of milk and lemonade which they gave to the boys. We took breakfast at Burlington and at about five o'clock the boys of the first and second battalions were in their old quarters at Camp McKinley. The Third battalion did not arrive at the fair grounds until after dark and so they passed the night in the sleeping coaches.
     The next day was a busy one spent in getting the baggage to the ground and in removing the sick to the hospitals in the fair grounds and at Des Moines, where all are being tenderly nursed and if possible restored to health. The number of sick continues to increase and on Saturday it was found necessary to remove the Red Cross hospital to the Christian Sanitarium one half mile north of the fair grounds, where there is ample accommodations for nearly five hundred patients. The sick boys are receiving the best of care and many a soldier boy that would have died had he remained at Chickamaugua will be restored to health and strength by the tender nursing he is now receiving.
     The deaths of the regiment now number twenty-three and there are several very precarious cases still in the hospital but it is hoped that now the boys have good water to drink and air uncontaminated by malaria and poisonous gases that the sick list will gradually grow less and soon all the boys will have regained their former vigor.
     Since coming to Des Moines a quarantine has been established on Camp McKinley and the boys have been compelled to keep close in quarters. This is irksome to them as they think that since they are soon to be mustered out and have no contagious disease they might be allowed a small degree of liberty. However, quarantine or no quarantine they are satisfied with the present location and will not murmur much over it.

Home on Furlough

     Company K arrived home on a thirty-day furlough Saturday evening. Ever since the boys arrived at Camp McKinley, and knew that they were to be granted a thirty-day furlough, they waited in anxious expectancy for it to be issued and were impatient at any delay. Thursday afternoon the blank furloughs arrived at Camp McKinley, and the First Sergeant and three of the boys set out to work on them and made out the entire list before they went to bed, and hand them ready for Colonel Humphrey's signature early the next morning. Friday Adjutant General Byers was kept busy making out transportation for the Regiment, and by Saturday morning everything was in readiness for the departure of the boys. The boys were exceedingly anxious to get away until the hour of their departure arrived, but hurried down ot the street car line that was to take them to the depot. Companies F, E and K were to come on the Chicago and Northwestern and by ten o'clock everything was in readiness and the train pulled out amid the cheers of the boys.
     Nothing of importance took place on the homeward trip until the train pulled into Algona. Here a vast concourse of people had gathered to welcome Company F home, and to give a god-speed to Companies K and E on their homeward journey. The Algona band was present, and as K and E had to transfer to the Milwaukee road an order was gotten to stop the train at the foot of Thorington street and so the boys were marched up town led by the band, where a bounteous repast was served. It is needless to say the the boys did ample justice to it, but the tables were so loaded with edibles that it would have taken many times the number of soldiers to have made much of an impression on them. The town was one mass of bunting and flags and everything possible was done to welcome the boys home. It was certainly a magnificent welcome and in after years the boys will look back upon it as one of the sunny spots in the experience as Uncle Sam's boys.
     But the reception which touched the tenderest chords of the human heart was the home welcome of the boys of Company K received at the hands of the people of Emmetsburg and surrounding country. Here it was that father, mother, brother, sister, wife, children and true and tried friends and neighbors who grasped their hands as they stepped off the train. If their departure, nearly five months ago had been a sad one, their return was as equally a joyous one. Welcome was seen on every hand. It was depicted on the faces of everyone. It was seen in the glistening eyes, in the hearty handshake that all received. Even the mute windows were made to express it in the letters of red, white and blue that shone resplendently from amid a profusion of bunting and flags with which the business houses of the city had been decorated. It was certainly a warm and joyous welcome and touched the hearts of the returning boys to their very depths. Yet, amid the joyousness of the occasion a tinge of sadness intermingled as the boys thought of the comrades whom they left behind in the hospitals and of the ones who have answered the soldier's last roll call. Their forms may not be seen but their memory will be ever cherished in the hearts of their comrades.
     The boys are home for thirty days and unless otherwise ordered they will return to Des Moines, October 4th, to be mustered out of the United States service.

Camp McKinley

     The various companies of the Fifty-second regiment, Iowa Volunteers, began assembling in Des Moines Tuesday of last week for the purpose of being mustered out of the government service. The boys were scattered all over Iowa and but little regularity was observed in returning as part of a company would come in one day and part the next, with stragglers on almost every train.   However, most of the boys were on the grounds by Wednesday noon and had reported to their company commanders.
The boys fell back into the routine of camp life in a very easy manner, in fact they seem to take it up right where they left off when they left for home on furloughs. There is but little for the boys to do while in camp as previous to going home they turned in all their guns and other government property. With no guns and no incentive to spur them on the four hours known as drill hours amount to but little and serve only to give the boys a little needed exercise. The boys of most of the companies have purchased a football and spend the drill hours in playing the fascinating game.
     The government feeds the boys by contract, a Des Moines man taking the contract for 17 cents per meal, so reporters say. The board practically consists of government rations with butter once a day and milk in their coffee. The cooking, however, is very good most of the time and this makes the food much more wholesome and palatable. Sunday for dinner a piece of pie was served, but with the few extras that are set up the contractor will make at least 7 cents on every meal served.
     The work of making out the mustering-out papers is progressing slowly and the entire work, including that of checking up the paymaster, will not be finished before the 29th of this month. The 30th has been fixed for pay day and the boys will be home on the 31st. Of course this is susceptible of changes.

Company K Notes

     The boys of Company K arrived in Des Moines about 8 o'clock Tuesday evening and as the barn they had formerly occupied had been pre-empted by Company M and no place had been selected for them, they all stopped for the night at the Lakota hotel. They got a bed for 25c and a fair breakfast for 20c. The next morning the boys went down and selected a horse barn for their quarters, which taking everything into consideration, is much better than their old quarters.
     The boys who remained in Des Moines were very glad to see the rest of the company back again. Michael Duggan was very demonstrative with his joy and fell on the neck of many and embraced them in genuine feminine fashion. However, Mike was certainly glad to see the boys.
     The weather since coming here has not been very pleasant. Tuesday it rained and this was followed by a couple of days of damp, chilly weather. Thursday night was cold with a heavy frost, but Friday and Saturday were nice, pleasant days. Sunday it commenced to rain, and continued raining for four days, making it very disagreeable.
     The boys are feeling well with one or two exceptions, but the damp weather will no doubt be followed by colds and it would not be surprising if there were cases of pneumonia before all get home.
     Two small camp stoves have been issued, but the space to be heated is so great that the stoves make but little impression and a fellow has to warm one side and then turn around and warm the other. Of course this process has to continue indefinitely for a fellow to keep warm.
     The same old games and the same fun and good nature prevails as when the boys first came to Des Moines.

Private Citizens Again

The Fifty-second Iowa Infantry Volunteers is no more, and the boys of Company K, in common with the boys of the eleven other companies of the regiment, are now private citizens.
The work of mustering out is a very simple process, and consists of simply making out the discharge papers, and mustering out pool, and handing the former to each volunteer, after he has been paid the stipend that was due him.
     The work of paying off the regiment commenced Sunday morning at 9 o'clock, and it took until that hour that night before each man had received his pay, and had his discharge paper in his pocket. The greater share of the boys were glad to become private citizens once more, and as soon as a fellow got his pay in his pocket, and his discharge in his fist, he struck out on his own hook, just to see how it would seem to go somewhere without first asking permission. Some took the Sunday evening train for home, but the great majority staid over until Monday, and some as late as Tuesday before they left for Des Moines. The clothing stores of Des Moines were opened all the afternoon Sunday and until later in the evening. They did a big business, for a big share of the boys were anxious to get clothed up for the winter, and from experience knew that money did not last long. The clothing stores did not get all the business for the saloons came in for their share, and we are sorry to say that quite a number disgraced themselves and the blue they wore by getting beastly drunk, and creating a disturbance. These, however, were the exception, yet all the soldiers must suffer in reputation by the misdemeanors of a few who were toughs, to say the least, in civil life.
     Most of the boys of Company K came home no the Rock Island, arriving here at 5:40 o'clock Monday evening. They were all glad to get back, and are now busy in the avocations of civil live. They will not soon forget their summer's experience and in after years will not regret the part they took in the war withSpain. They did not do much, but they only lacked opportunity, and their willingness will count for something.