BY WM. H. TUTHILL, TIPTON, IOWA
are many amusing incidents in the early settlement of Iowa yet unrecorded by the
historian, particularly among the political struggles between the whig and
democratic parties for supremacy.
The story of the "Woodbridge Sell" has been
perpetuated in the April number of the ANNALS, and the tale of the "Garry
Owen Vote" is now submitted as an episode of like character.
During the territorial days of Iowa, Jackson county, by
her unswerving fidelity and large majorities for the democratic ticket, claimed
and was awarded the high sounding appellation of the "Banner County,"
and, as a reward for her faithful services in that behalf; one of her aspiring
sons, a stage-driver, was elevated to the commanding position of governor, to
the entire satisfaction of his supporters of whom none were more exultant than
the unterrified voters of Garry Owen.
Now, as some readers of the ANNALS may not be
particularly posted in the topographical history of their own abiding places, it
may be well enough state that Garry Owen is, or was, a sort of terra
incognita, situated in Butler township, in the north-western part of Jackson
county, and that its inhabitants were composed exclusively of that portion of
the Caucasian race known as Catholic Irish, who, it was said, refused to permit
any but whole-hog democrats to settle within their boundaries, and it was
also asserted that the only one among them who could read and write held the
office of postmaster, and furnished the tickets for each of the hardy sons of
Erin to vote at each periodical return of election day. These representations
may, possibly, have been erroneous, but it was an incontrovertible fact that, at
the closing of the polls, that precinct invariably made the return of a
solid and undivided vote.
In the onward progress of events a state government was
inaugurated, and the whig party had, to a great extent, succumbed to the
strength and numbers of its opponents, when a new and startling phase appeared
in the political hemisphere, in the advent of the "know-nothings,"
who, by some undiscovered system of their own, without visible means, silently
appeared, grew, culminated, and became victorious, baffling and disconcerting
all the schemes and wire-workings of time-honored politicians. Still, however,
the usual party machinery was kept in motion and in the spring of 1855 a regular
democratic convention was held, and A.R. Cotton Esq. of Clinton, duly nominated
as their candidate for judge of the eighth judicial district, then composed of
Muscatine, Scott, Cedar, Jones, Clinton and Jackson counties, in which, as the
party majority was considered perfectly reliable, and, with a candidate whose
character was irreproachable, capability undoubted, and popularity well
attested, it might well be supposed there would be no serious opposition.
The astute old whigs, after due deliberation,
determined that it would be unadvisable to hold a convention, but suggested that
one of their own number, a well known attorney of Cedar county, should be
announced as an independent candidate. Of this resolve the ubiquitous "know-nothings,"
by some means or other, possessed themselves with the further information that
he would be warmly supported by the new temperance party, under the lead of
Hiram Price, Esq., of Scott county, and sagaciously concluded to aid the
movement, which, if successful, they would claim as their victory. The secret
workings of the order have never been fully developed, but the machinery must
have had skillful engineering, for it seemed to be a modern exemplification of
the ancient veni, vidi, vici, and the conclusion might well be drawn
that, great was American and "Sam" was his prophet!
One of the principal objects of their ambition
being to demoralize the dominant party, it was a logical conclusion that the
"Banner County" would be strongly assailed, and, as it afterward
appeared, every effort that skill and subtilty could devise was made to
revolutionize the stronghold of democracy; among others, the ingenious ruse
practiced on the ignorant voters of Garry Owen may serve as a specimen.
Knowing their irreconcilable hostility to the
know-nothings, a well known democrat (although, secretly, one of the
dark-lantern gentry), was despatched to Garry Owen, and, in an interview with
the postmaster, informed him, in strict confidence, that it had just leaked out
that Cotton had joined the detested order, and that proof could be had of his
assisting at the initiation of a candidate, adding that discovery was made in
consequence of the noviciate refusing to take the obligation, and, being
indignant at the deception practiced on him, had divulged the whole proceedings.
This artfully concocted story, coming, as it did, from
one of their own file leaders, so exasperated the faithful Hibernians tht they
at once positively declared that "divil a vote for Cotton" should be
given in that precinct, the news of which resolve soon reached him, when,
provoked by the audacious calumny, he very injudiciously (as it was afterward
proved) went before a notary public and made oath that he was not and never had
been a know-nothing, and was totally opposed to them and their doctrines. Copies
of the affidavit, duly attested by the notary, were forwarded to Garry Owen, and
the vile slander was supposed to be fully and entirely confuted. But the wily
followers of "Sam" were not so easily disconcerted; for, the day
before the election, the same agent happening to visit that part of the
country, explained the situation, pointed out to his credulous hearers that it
was a well known principle of these sacrilegious wretches to deny that they were
known-nothings, and, if necessary, to swear to it; boldly asserting that
the "affidavit" itself was incontrovertible evidence that their
candidate did not belong to the detested fraternity.
The faithful Celts were puzzled; there was not
sufficient time to obtain further information; and when the returns of the
election were canvassed, it was found there was not a single vote for judge cast
in Butler township.
This unprecedented result was accompanied by the
startling announcement that Jackson county, for the first time in its history,
had failed to support the democratic ticket.
The sequel is obvious. The Cedar county candidate was
elected by a large majority, toward which Jackson county contributed her
proportionate share, a result due, in some measure, to the absence of the Garry